1st and 8th Amendment
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
1st Amendment Summary
Freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition
The First Amendment for Dummies: The Basics of the 1st Amendment Explained
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
8th Amendment Summary
No excessive bail or cruel punishment.
The Eighth Amendment Explained: The Constitution for Dummies Series