By: Pierce B. 2nd
What was the change?
Starting in the mid- 1500s, a few scholars began publishing works that challenged the ideas of the ancient thinkers and the church. The Scientific Revolution was a new way of thinking about the natural world. The new way of thinking was based upon careful observation and a willingness to question accepted beliefs. The change was caused by European explorers who traveled to Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The lands were inhabited by peoples and animals who were previously unknown to Europe. These discoveries opened to the possibility that there were new truths that were to be discovered. The spreading of challenging ideas was helped spread by the invention of the printing press.
Who were the people associated with this change?
Galileo was an Italian scientist who was built on the new theories about Astronomy. Galileo noticed as a young man, that a Dutch lens make had invented an object that allows you to enlarge far objects. Galileo took over the concept and created a telescope to study the heavens. Galileo later learned that Jupiter contained four moons, and the earths moon was a very rough, uneven surface. Galileo was put under trial for his support of the copernican theory.
Copernicus was a young a troubled Polish cleric and astronomer, and he became interested in the idea that the sun stood at the center of the universe. Copernicus studied the planetary movements for over 25 years and came to a conclusion that the stars, the earth, and all of the other planets revolved around the sun.
After the Danish astronomer, Tycho Brahe died, Brahe's assistant, Johannes Kepler continued to study his work. After Kepler studied Brahe's ideas, Kepler concluded that certain mathematical laws govern planetary motion. Kepler came to a conclusion that the planets revolve around the sun in Elliptical orbits instead of circles.