FLOODS

Tiondra Little :)

What causes a flood to happen?

A flood can happen because of three things. One could be heavy rainfall. Two could be the overflow of a river/ ocean. Finally, three could be when snow melts to quickly. Floods can be big or small. Sometimes when the streets over flow and the sewers are full, the water goes into peoples basements/ houses.


BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER A FLOOD!

BEFORE
  • Build an emergency kit.
  • Make a family communications plan.
  • Tell an adult if you hear a flood warning.


DURING

  • Listen to authorities and safety officials.
  • If there is a flash flood, move to higher ground.
  • Move important items to upper floor.
  • Do NOT walk in water.


AFTER

  • Stay away from flood water. It could be contaminated.
  • Stay away from moving water.
  • Stay out of the way of emergency workers.


TURN AROUND AND DON'T DROWN!

VOCAB AND INTERESTING FACTS!

VOCAB:
BASE FLOOD/ 100 YEAR FLOOD
- A flood having 1% chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year. This flood can be called the 1% or 100- year flood.
COLD FRONT- The forward edge of a mass of cold air intruding into an area of warmer air. The cold front forces the warmer air into the sky, where the moisture cools, condenses and forms rain.

INTERESTING FACTS:
1. Ever since 1990, floods have killed 10,000 lives. Just in the U.S.
2. Floods can often bring walls 10- 20 feet high.
3. 6 inches of rapidly moving flood water can knock a person down.
4. The Mississippi River Flood covered 500 miles long and 200 miles wide. 12,000 miles of farmland was washed out and more than 50,000 homes were destroyed.
5. 1/3 of flooded roads/ bridges are do damaged by water that ANY vehicle has a 50% chance of making it all the way across.