Mary Leakey

Mary Leakey was born on February 6, 1913, in London, England. Mary Douglas Leakey was a paleoanthropologist who is best known for making several prominent archaeological and anthropological discoveries throughout the latter half of the 20th century.

Mary Leakey made her first big discovery in 1948: She found a partial skull fossil of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans that later evolved into the two distinct species.

Jane Goodall

Born on April 3, 1934, in London, England. Goodall attended the Uplands private school, receiving her school certificate in 1950 and a higher certificate in 1952. At age 18 she left school and found employment as a secretary at Oxford University.

Goodall used her newfound acceptance to establish what she termed the "banana club," a daily systematic feeding method she used to gain trust and to obtain a more thorough understanding of everyday chimpanzee behavior. Using this method, she became closely acquainted with more than half of the reserve's 100 or more chimpanzees. She imitated their behaviors, spent time in the trees, and ate their foods.

Raymond Dart

Raymond Arthur Dart (1893–1988). Raymond Dart grew up on a family farm in Queensland, Australia. Raymond Dart was one of nine siblings.

In the late 1930s and early 1940s Broom found many more australopithecine fossils in South Africa, and in the late 1940s Dart's position was vindicated when many scientists finally accepted that australopithecines were hominids. In the mid-1940s, Dart once again tried looking for fossils, at the site of Makapansgat.