The Thirteen Colonies

By Tito Miranda, Trey, Sierra, Katelyn, and Rebekah.

The Colonies.

They were thirteen colonies in America. Here are all the colonies. One colonies was Virginia, founded by John Smith in 1607. Massachusetts founded by John Winthrop in 1620. New Hampshire by John Mason in 1623. New Jersey founded by Lord Berkeley in 1623. New York founded in 1624 by Peter Minuit. Maryland founded in 1633 By George Calvert. Rhode Island was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams. Connecticut was founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker. Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit. North Carolina was founded in 1653 by a group of proprietors. South Carolina was founded in 1663 by a group of proprietors. Pennsylvania was founded in 1682 by William Penn. Georgia was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorge.

Why were they founded?

They were three groups of colonies of all the colonies I showed you. The First one was the Southern Colonies.. This group included North Carolina, Georgia, Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina. These people were founded because they wanted money for the most part. People brought their family to work on plantations. These plantations are how the New England colonies made money. The second group was called the Middle Colonies. These groups included Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. These colonies were founded for agricultural purposes, such as manufacturing and and agriculture. The last colony is the New England Colonies. These colonies consisted of New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. The reason the New England colonies founded was that they wanted to practice their own religion. Wanted to keep their family together, and wanted to make money, these were the three groups.

Three Geographical Chararistics of each Colony.

Georgia: Temperature varies, Mountains, and Agriculture

North Carolina: Varies Weather, Appalachian Mountains, Agriculture.

South Carolina: Cooler Temperature, Mountains, and Oceans.

New York:Cattle, Grain, Rice Wheat, Indigo, Warm Low Land.

New Jersey: Trees, Warm, Low Land.

New Hampshire: Clear Blue Lakes, Mountains, Sandy Beaches.

Delaware: Fish, Warm, Lowland

Maryland: Warm Temperature, Plains, Hills, Mountains, Rivers

Virginia: Cooler Temperature, Mountain, Mountain Ranges, Rivers, Streams.

Massachusetts: Rivers, Taconic Mountains, Valley Lowland.

Rhode Island: Lagoons, Salt Ponds, Hills.

Connecticut: Steep Hills, Rivers, Ridges.

Pennsylvania: Wheat, Corn, Cattle Dairy, Warm, Low Land.

How The colonists dealt with illness

The Colonists deal with illness by using old remedies and herbs such as comfrey mixed with oil or water. Some other remedies consisted of mixing beer with sugar and honey. Well, they had other ways such as purging and bleeding, which was a theory that Hermann Boerhaave made, and was very popular. Bleeding, was when you cut the person so the “ infected “ blood would come out, it often left the person very tired and fatigue. Instead of cutting the body and letting blood come out, purging involved you puking, it brought out unhealthy things. It wasn’t as dangerous as bleeding, but was still very painful to do.

Religion in the Colonies.

The New England Colonies.

People in the New England colonies went to church in a meeting house. These meeting houses were also used for different occasions as well. The meeting house was usually a big building and it was in the middle of the whole town. Inside the meeting houses were long benches, people sat on the benches for most of the day because that’s how long the church services were. Most people in the New England colonies were Puritans, the people led very strict lives.

The Middle Colonies

The people in the Middle Colonists had similar looking churches, they were bit different, but they were in the middle of the town, like meeting houses, and people stayed in them for the whole day because that was how long those church hours were. However the middle colonies were different than the New England colonies, they had a mixture of religion. They had Quakers, (who were led by William Penn), Catholics, Jews, Lutherans, and others.

The Southern Colonies

The Southern colony had basically the same church as all the other colonies, you know, they were big, in the middle of the town, and people stayed in them for all day. But the religion was similar the Middle Colony, but a little different. Most religions were allowed in the area, Catholics, Jews, Lutherans, and others. But even though most religions were allowed, the majority of the religion was Angelic and Protestant, and Baptists.