Reforms during Progressive Movement

Mickie, Jeremy and Griffin

Social Reform from Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington who founded Tuskegee Institute focused on teaching African-Americans trade skills to earn a living and gain the trust of white society.

Social Reform by W.E.B. DuBois

W.E.B. DuBois found the NAACP, He was a Harvard-educated professor who focused on the need for a traditional liberal arts education for African-Americans who could then insist upon equal treatment and rights from white society.
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Birth Control

Of all the things during this time period happening to women, one of the biggest things were the ability to control fertility in 1916.

Government Reform

A Republican governor in Wisconsin, Robert LaFollette, put into effect the “Wisconsin idea,” which provided a model for reformers across the nation. It provided for direct primaries to select party nominees for public office, a railroad commission to regulate railroad rates, tax reform, opposition to political bosses, and the initiative and recall devices to give the people more direct control over government.

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union

Temperance was a big issue for late 19th century reform women. Temperance reformers wanted to limit the consumption of alcohol by Americans. This issue resonated with many women because alcohol consumption often increased the rate and cruelty of domestic violence and abuse.

The Social Gospel Movement

The Social Gospel Movement was a movement brought on by Protestants in the Progressive Era. They believed that Christ wouldn’t come until all social problems were eliminated, which included drinking and gambling.

Child Labor

In the late 1700′s, power-driven machines began to replace hand labor for the making of most manufactured items. Factories were everywhere, first in England and then in the United States. The owners found a new source of labor to run their machines which were children. Working the power-driven machines did not require adult strength, and children could be hired more cheaply than adults.

Trust Busting

Leading the “Trust busting” was Theodore 'Teddy' Roosevelt. Roosevelt was not against all trusts,just the bad ones. 'We do not wish to destroy the corporations,' he said, 'but we do wish to make them? serve the public good.' Federal regulation of business proved tough, but, because the language of previous antitrust law was vague and existing laws were not tolerably enforced. Under his direction, 44 antitrust lawsuits were filed, in an effort to prevent bad trusts from restraining trade and manipulating markets.

Technology Reforms

Steele

Steele was invented to build bridges and to redo railroads. Steele is the stongest type on metal.

Automobile

At the beginning of the 20th century the automobile was a plaything for the rich. Most models were complicated machines that required a chauffeur conversant with its individual mechanical nuances to drive it. Henry Ford was determined to build a simple, reliable and affordable car; a car the average American worker could afford. Out of this determination came the Model T and the assembly line - two innovations that revolutionized American society and molded the world we live in today

RADICAL TRADE UNIONISM

Radical labor leader tried to make a goal that was called “One big union for all”. They met in Chicago in 1905. Rejecting the approach of the American Federation of Labor, which admitted only skilled craft workers to its ranks, the IWW opened its membership to any wage earner regardless of occupation, race, creed, or sex.

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Abraham Flexner’s 1910 study of American medical colleges transformed the training of doctors. His report led to the closing of 2nd rate medical schools and to sweeping changes in medical curricula and teaching methods.