RESEARCH AND CITATIONS

EFFECTIVE SEARCHES AND CREDIBLE RESOURCES

What is Research?

Research is the process of collecting information about a subject. When you research a topic you explore the ideas of people who are experts on the topic. Research takes time and you will look for several different sources of information before you fully understand the topic. You need to take time to think about what you find, put the pieces together, and create your own meaning or opinions. Your ideas and opinions should be your own, and backed up by other people who explored the subject.
The Big6 Research Model for Middle School Students

Developing a Topic

https://youtu.be/LWLYCYeCFak

Locating Information

  • Websites via a search engine (Bing, Yahoo, Google...)
  • Books
  • Magazines
  • Databases
  • Newspapers

Alternatives to Google, Bing, and Yahoo

Library Resources

Effective Searching


  • Use distinctive phrases rather than general terms to narrow the results e.g.: "effects of cigarette smoking" rather than "cigarettes" or "cigarette smoking"


  • If you know the proper name of the organization or person enter it


  • Be aware of different spellings, synonyms or alternate forms you could use for your search term


  • Try using quotation marks around your phrase e.g. “children AND reading AND success”


  • Try different search engines with the same search terms to see what each delivers. There could be interesting and valuable differences.
Creating an Effective Search Strategy

Boolean Operators

Big picture
  • Type AND between your search terms to link two or more subjects together e.g. children AND reading AND success


  • Type OR between your search terms to include at least one term in your results e.g. Global warming OR Greenhouse effect


  • Type NOT to exclude results that contain the term following NOT e.g. Dolphins NOT Football


CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT USING BOOLEAN OPERATORS.


CLICK HERE TO VIEW A VIDEO EXPLANATION OF BOOLEAN OPERATORS.

GENERAL REFERENCE & RESEARCH SITES

The following links are FREE sites to use for general research in a variety of content areas.


News & Current Events

Contains several resources for news & current events.


Central Intelligence Agency

Contains in-depth data for countries around the globe.


Conversion Tables

Convert length, area, speed, temperature, etc. into different units and systems.


iTools

Online research tools including dictionaries. translations, quotations, and more.


Smithsonian Institution


U.S. Census Bureau

Basic information about the U.S., broken down on a national, state, and local level.


U.S. Department of Labor

Labor statistics for the federal and local level.

GALE DATABASES

Contact Mrs. Eikenberry (jeikenberry@nisdtx.org) for questions or help with passwords for the databases.
https://youtu.be/Q2GMtIuaNzU

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

iSEEK Education

iSEEK Education is a targeted search engine that compiles hundreds of thousands of authoritative resources from university, government, and established noncommercial providers. It provides time-saving intelligent search and a personal Web-based library to help you locate the most relevant results immediately and find them quickly later.

Pros and cons of controversial issues

Pros and Cons of Controversial Issues provides resources for critical thinking and to educate without bias. We research important issues, and we present them in a balanced, comprehensive, straightforward, transparent, and primarily pro-con format at no charge.

Cato institute

Cato Institute is a research organization. Its scholars and analysts conduct independent, research on a wide range of policy issues.

Infoplease

InfoPlease has been providing authoritative answers to all kinds of factual questions since 1938—first as a popular radio quiz show, then starting in 1947 as an annual almanac, and since 1998 on the Internet.

Gallup Poll

Gallup Poll is a representative sampling of public opinion or public awareness concerning a certain subject or issue.
EasyBib

Works Cited Tutorial for MLA

MLA Format Works Cited Tutorial
Son of Citation Machine ScreenCast
Wilson Library Moodle Page

Topic 8 contains several helpful resources for research projects.

WORKS CITED

Boolean Commands Explained. Digital image. School District of Onalaska. School District of Onalaska, n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.


Creating an Effective Search Strategy. Perf. PurdueLibraries. PurdueLibraries. YouTube, 1 June 2012. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.


MLA Format Works Cited Tutorial
. Perf. Melissa Zonin. YouTube. YouTube, 27 Nov. 2011. Web. 6 Sept. 2015.


Son of Citation Machine ScreenCast. Perf. Taustgen226. YouTube. YouTube, 4 Nov. 2014. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.