By: Jackson Matthews
The Eastern region operates a parliamentary system of government with a premier leading the executive branch and a bicameral legislature. Apart from the regional government, Eastern Nigeria also had a lcoal government modeled after the English system.
The Western Region government consists of the executive, legislative and Judiciary. The government is headed by the Governor who is the policy-maker and often assisted by the commissioners and other civil servant of the state.
The Southern Nigeria Protectorate was formed in 1900 and by 1914 British colonial rule had established most of the head divisions in the Southern Nigeria Protectorate. In 1939, the Southern Province was divided into the Western and Eastern Province.
Northern Nigeria is high, flat plains. A powerful wind, the harmattan, blows South from the Sahara covering everything with sand.
Eastern Nigeria has more rainfall than the rest of Nigeria. Rainforest used to be in this region, but now only swamps line the coast.
Much of the Western region is savanna, although tropical rainforests used to grow along the coastlines.
The Igbo are the largest ethnic group in the eastern region of Nigeria. 18% of Nigerians are Igbo. Most Igbo are Christians.
The Yoruba make up the largest ethnic group in the western region of Nigeria. Many Yoruba are Christian, but some follow Islam or traditional beliefs.
Many people in Northern Nigeria make their living as farmers and herders. Hausa farmers grow corn and a grain called millet.
Farming used to be the Igbo's main economic activity, but today, most of their wealth comes from oil.
City-Yoruba work in factories and offices, and as teachers, doctors, or engineers. Urban Yoruba commute back to the country to work on their small family farms. The women sell goods, like yams, in street markets to make money.
The Igbo of Eastern Nigerian wrap themselves in colorful cloth and masked dancing is popular among Igbo.
The Yoruba of Western Nigeria are known for their drums and beads. Every object made for the kings are decorated in beads.