Reflecting on Practice

Supporting Educator Growth Through Coaching

Cognitive Coaching


  • Non-judgmental
  • Prompts self-direction
  • Allows "...the person to make choices about the direction he/she wants to go."


Cognitive Coaching provides a framework for reflecting, planning, and problem-solving. A Coach serves as a mediator of thinking. He or she does NOT problem-solve or tell the coachee what they should think/do, but helps clear the path for self-direction, ownership and independence. Through questioning and paraphrasing, the coach creates an opportunity for the coachee to shift their thinking in order to grow and take intentional action.

Four Support Functions

  1. Cognitive Coaching
  2. Collaborating
  3. Consulting
  4. Evaluating


Each function should lead to self-direction, but coaching can have the greatest long-term impact on effective decision-making, self-management, monitoring, modifying, and reflection.

Start Practicing These Elements First!

Pausing

Paraphrasing

Elements of Rapport

  • Posture
  • Tonality
  • Gesture
  • Language
  • Breathing

Planning Conversation Map

1. Where will you go? (Clarify goals)

2. How will you know? (Specify success indicators)

3. How will it flow? (Anticipate approaches)

4. How will you grow? (Establish personal learning)

5. How will this help you know? (Reflect on coaching process)

Reflecting Conversation Map


1. How did it go? How do you know? (Summarize impressions/recall supporting information)

2. How was it so? (Analyze causal factors)

3. How did you grow? (Construct new learning)

4. How will it show? (Commit to Application)

5. How will this help you know? (Reflect on coaching process: how did this conversation help you?)

Why Reflection?

We learn from processing our experiences. We enlarge our frame of reference beyond the episodic.


1. Creates awareness of actions and their effects.

2. Allows individual to continually work towards excellence.

3. Builds self-efficacy: capacity to take ownership of work and know his/her efforts matter.

4. Enhances flexibility to consider options, as well as respect diverse perspectives

5. Encourages interdependence; to develop professional relationships to benefit one another's work.


“It is the language of reflection that deepens our knowledge of who we are in relation to others in a community of learners.” -Carole Miller & Juliana Saxton

  • Lab Classrooms
  • Student-Centered Coaching
  • And More!