Mary Cassatt


Born on May 22, 1844, in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, Mary Cassatt was one of the leading artists in the Impressionist movement of the later part of the 1800s. Moving to Paris, her home for the rest of her life, she was befriended by Edgar Degas. After 1910, her increasingly poor eyesight virtually put an end to her serious painting, and she died in 1926. <>

Sara In A Large Flowered Hat Looking Right Holding Her Dog

1902, Public Collection



This style is a step away from realism. The movement began in France in the 1860's.

The term "impressionism" originated from art critic Louis Leroy, who commented Monet's painting 'Impression: Soleil Levant'. Leroy said that it indeed was just an impression and that the work could not be considered finished. The impressionists adopted this term and decided to use it for their own benefit.



1844 - Mary Stevenson Cassatt is born in Allegheny City (now part of Pittsburgh)

1861 - Mary enrolls for four years of painting and drawing at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

1866 - Mary sets sail for Paris.

1868 - Mary begins to exhibit her art at a French, juried showcase called the Salon. There, she is encouraged to create conventionally styled paintings of religious, historical, and mythical subjects.

1870 - Mary has to leave France because of the dangers of the war with Prussia. She spends time back in the U.S., in Italy, and in Spain before returning to France in 1873.

1870's - Mary becomes aware of the Impressionists (an independent group) and is greatly influenced by them.

1877 - Edgar Degas invites Mary to join the Impressionists.

1879-1881, & 1886 - Mary exhibits with the Impressionists.

1886 - Mary begins to associate with an art dealer named Paul Durand-Ruel.

1890 - Mary attends an exhibit of Japanese wood-block prints and starts making her own.

1893 - Mary has her first solo exhibition in Paul Durand-Ruel's gallery.

1903 - Mary holds an exhibition at a Durand-Ruel gallery in New York.

1904 & 1908 - Mary exhibits her work in the U.S. again.

1910 - Mary stops printmaking because of failing eyesight.

1914 - Mary stops painting.

1926 - Mary dies.