Fifth and Sixth Amendments

By Ross Benway and Aahil Patel

The Fifth and Sixth Amendment are the main things that prevent abuse of the Criminal Justice System.

Cause

Fifth

The Fifth Amendment was created in an attempt to ensure that justice is served. The idea for the Fifth derived from 1966 case, Miranda v. Arizona. From this case we also gained the Miranda Rights.


Sixth

The Sixth Amendment was created in an attempt to protect the American people in the court of law. The main event that caused the creation of the Sixth Amendment was Britain's rule over the American colonies. You could say that America grew up with an abusive parent, and would never treat its own kids like that.

Characteristics (Fifth)

Definition

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
Broken down

The Fifth Amendment creates a number of rights relevant to both criminal and civil legal proceedings. In criminal cases, the Fifth Amendment guarantees the right to a grand jury, forbids “double jeopardy,” and protects against self-incrimination.

Characteristics (Sixth)

Definition

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

Broken down

The Sixth Amendment guarantees the rights of criminal defendants, including the right to a public trial without unnecessary delay, the right to a lawyer, the right to an impartial jury, and the right to know who your accusers are


Significance

The Fifth and Sixth Amendments are vital parts of the American Constitution. For anyone who has ever been involved in any form of court, these amendments are important. They can assure that you have a fair, safe and fast trial. The quality of the judicial system in America is thanks in large part to these amendments.

conclusion

In summation, these amendments are extremely important to Americans every day. Without them, the criminal justice system could be easily abused.