The Dome of Rock

Christopher G

Location

Big image
The Dome of rock is located in Jerusalem, Israel. It is located on Temple Mount in the old city.

Description

The Dome of Rock is the oldest surviving building in Isreal which was built in 688-691 AD over the sacred stone where it is said that Abraham attempted to sacrifice Issac. It has a lot of history behind it and has been renovated immensely in the past 1328 years in which it has stood.
Big image

Dome of rock Architecture

The Dome of Rock is a great building with a lot of geometry and symbolism within its architecture. The Dome of Rock is an octagon with 8 wall segments each 18 meters wide and 8 meters tall. The dome is 60 ft in diameter supported by a timber frame and the lower or inner dome is made of stucco while the outer dome is made of gold. The dome is also 35 meters above the sacred rock. Colors also mean a lot in its architecture. In 1500 AD Suliman the magnificent installed 45,000 Blue and gold tiles to the exterior walls. The blue is supposed to represent infinity while the gold is to represent the knowledge of god. The shape of the dome represents a soaring ascent to heaven while its circumference represents balance and wholeness.

History of the Dome of Rock

The dome of rock was built by Umayyad caliph Abd-al-Malik in 688-691 AD over the sacred rock. It was said that the sacred rock was where Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven after his nightly journey and where Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Issac. In the middle ages it was taken over and temporarily turned into a christian temple, it was believed by the Christians to be the Temple of Solomon. In 1500 AD Solomon the Magnificent installed 45,000 Gold and Blue Tiles to the exterior walls of The Dome of Rock.

Why The Dome of Rock Is Important

The dome of rock is important because of where it is built. It is built on top of a sacred stone where it is said to be where Abraham prepared to sacrifice Issac. The sacred stone is also where Prophet Muhammad's nightly journey ended. Under the sacred stone also lies the well of souls. That is why the Dome of Rock is important to Muslims.

Fun Facts

  • The roof of the Dome of Rock's dome originally was made of pure gold, which it is today, however it is not the same gold. It was changed into copper then aluminum with gold leaf. Finally it was changed into pure gold again in 1993.
  • The well of souls is located under the Dome of Rock
  • The Dome of Rock though often thought as a mosque is not a mosque it is a Ciborium due to its dome.

Works Cited

“The Binding of Issac.” Kotaku. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2016. <http://kotaku.com/the-binding-of-isaac-rebirth-rejected-by-apple-due-to-1757647059>.

“Close-up of Mosaics on Dome of the Rock.” Pbase. Patty Roth, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2016. <http://www.pbase.com/image/113537534>.

“The Dome Of Rock.” Sacred Places. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016. <http://witcombe.sbc.edu/sacredplaces/domeofrock.html>.

“Dome of the Rock.” Dome of the Rock. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016. <http://domeoftherock.net/>.

“Dome of the Rock (BiblePlaces.com).” BiblePlacescom. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.

“Foundation Stone, Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem.” Pintrest. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2016. <https://www.pinterest.com/pin/512143788849937294/>.

“Sacred Destinations.” Dome of the Rock. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.

This photo shows the interior of the Dome of the Rock outside the center circle. We are standing in the outer. Sacred Destinations. N.p., 2005. Web. 28 Feb. 2016. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock>.

“Underneath the Dome of Rock.” IslamicLandmarks. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2016. <http://www.islamiclandmarks.com/palestine-masjid-al-aqsa/underneath-the-dome-of-the-rock>.

View across the sacred rock that is the focus and namesake of the Dome of the Rock. Jews believe that it was... © Damon Lynch. Sacred Destinations. N.p., 2005. Web. 28 Feb. 2016. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock>.

“What Is the Dome of Rock.” GotQuestions. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2016. <http://www.gotquestions.org/Dome-of-the-Rock.html>.