Mayan, Inca, and Aztec religion

What is religion?

Religion is the belief in something greater like some kind of super bring- a god or multiple gods. Along with the belief of a god is many other things, a holy book, a place of worship, architectual evidence and more.

Creation Stories

Monotheisitic or Polytheistic?

Are these three religions monotheistic or polytheistic? Monotheistic meaning that there is only one god to be worshiped and none have power over him, and polytheistic means that there may be multiple gods being worshiped, some may be held to a higher respect, while some may mean less.


The Aztecs were polytheistic, many gods were worshiped for the elements, like sun and war.


The Icans occupied three realms, Hanan Paca, The realm in the sky, Ukhu Paca, The realm of inner earth, and Cay Paca, the realm where all humans lived. They worshiped the sun and the moon and many other element gods.


The maya had(have) several thousand gods for the elements, so they were polytheistic.


Mayan- Blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Maya deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering. By extension, the sacrifice of a human life was the ultimate offering of blood to the gods, and the most important Maya rituals culminated in human sacrifice.

Aztec- Several ethnohistorical sources state that under the guidance of Tlacaelel the importance of human sacrifice in Aztec history grew. The Aztecs would perform a series of rituals on nearby tribesman,sacrifice them using an obsidian knife, and then donate their blood to the Aztec god Acolnahuacatl.

Incan- Very little is known about Capacocha, the sacred Inca ceremony of human sacrifice, but with each new archaeological discovery of a sacrificial mummy, more is revealed.