Module 6 Lesson 1

Mastery Assignment

Federal Court System

There are levels of court and they are:

District Courts: Federal courts were lawsuits begin and trials are held, there is at least one in every state an more in states with larger populations, 94 total. They have original jurisdiction with federal cases so they get to look at the case for the first time. Only court to use juries and witnesses.

Court of Appeals: There are twelve of these and they all deal with certain circuit in the U.S. This is the 2nd level and it's where people go if they lose their case in a district court. Court of Appeals also deals with cases from lower level courts which is called appellate jurisdiction.

A thirteenth court: Court of appeals that goes nationwide, no trials, judges learn about the case and hear testimonies from the lawyers and then they decide whether to keep the original decision, reverse the decision, or remand (send the case back to the lower court to be tried again) the case

Court of Appeals

Don't decide whether you are guilty or innocent or which side should win, they are supposed to decide whether the case was fair and didn't mess with their rights. Most decisions are final, not all because some cases get repealed.

One judge makes and opinion to explain the reason behind the court's decision and then that makes a precedent which helps the other judges make their own decisions on other cases.

Federal Judges

The District court has at least 2 judges while court of appeals has 6 to 27 and the Supreme court has 9 justices, they all are picked and approved by the President and Senate and they all have life terms so if they wanted to they could leave whenever they wanted to.

Magistrate Judges

They decide whether a person should be kept in jail or out on bail. They also decide if the case should go to trial or not. All of the district courts have magistrate judges and they do all of the routine work for them.

U.S Attorney

All of the judicial districts have U.S attorneys. Attorneys prosecute people who are accused of a crime. They overlook the case files and present it in court. They also represent the U.S in civil cases.

U.S Marshal

Just like U.S attorneys U.S marshals all federal judicial districts have a marshal. Marshals are the ones who take felons to prison, arrest people, and collect fines. They also protect people who have to appear in the jury, keep order during court, and order people to appear in court.