The Temperance Movement

Alcoholic Beverages: Good or Bad?

Background

The Temperance Movement was a social movement urging personal moderation in the consumption of alcoholic beverages. This movement was used to criticize the consumption of alcoholic beverages and promote total abstinence. With the use of protest, the protesters were hoping to encourage the government to enable prohibition laws against the consumption of alcohol. In the United States, a pledge of abstinence had been noted by various preachers, such as renowned John Bartholomew Gough, at the beginning of the 1800's.

Leaders in the Temperance Movement

  • In 1852 Stanton and Anthony founded the New York State Women's Temperance Society.

With the creation of this society, Stanton and Anthony were able to begin to transform the north in attempt to ban alcohol.


  • Carry Nation was a famous Temperance Movement advocate because she used a hatchet to demolish barrooms.
  • The main leading organization of the Temperance Movement was the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.

Goals and Tactics

Goals: The goal was to ban the manufacture, selling, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.


Tactics: They grouped together and used educated personnel, such as doctors, to prove the points they had to society and the government. Also, the groups tried to prove how alcohol was an evil and tried to prove how it would ruin the American way of life.

Major Accomplishments of the Temperance Movement

A major accomplishment of the Temperance movement was the 18th amendment, which was introduced into Congress in 1917. The Volstead Act was then enabled to help implement the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that established National Prohibition of alcoholic beverages.