Unit 2 Summative Assessment

Ashley Ginnetty



Social groups are groups of people with similar beliefs and ideas that move around sharing ideas with other social groups that can lead to conflict and cooperation.

My Role and Experience

My role in the game was to keep the group focus on the tasks and look over treaties. I didn't really make any deals or treaties because I wanted the president and vice president to do that. However, I did go over to other groups and discuss with them some ideas that I thought of. I was in the peasants social group and we basically made the decisions. This is because in the beginning of the game, everyone wanted to work with us. We had the votes and every group wanted our votes. The goal of the group was to have no violence, make the Army and Wealthy have no power, and to vote our president in the election. We achieved the final goals by mostly cooperation. My experience in the game was good, we got what we wanted by cooperating with the Guerrillas and making other treaties. At some points I got angry at the Army and Wealthy because they didn't cooperate with us. Also sometimes my group disagreed on a couple of treaties but then we worked it out. This game opened up my eyes to the real world because this could be happening in another country.

Connecting to the Enduring Understanding

The Bullets and Ballots simulation connects to the enduring understanding because there was cooperation, conflict, migration, and cultural mosaics in the game. The enduring understanding basically sums up the game. This is because different social groups moved around to each table to see other social groups, that's humans migrate. For instant, I was a peasant and I walked to the Guatemala Government to speak with them. So I migrated to a different social group to collaborate. Also migration is a pull or push factor. In the game, some people migrated to other groups either by a push or pull factor. For example, Sierra was a guerrilla but had a pull factor to my group because she was willing to side with us in exchange for a vote.

The game showed a cultural mosaic because everyone brought their ideas and values to the table and share it with other groups. A cultural mosaic is everything you believe in or what you like. Just like the Coat of Arms mosaic, I had pictures of what I like to do and what I believe in. Such as family, friends. holidays, etc. All the different groups brought their beliefs and values to the game and express that to the rest of us. For example, the United States Government came in and wanted a democracy with peace. That's their cultural mosaic because that's what they believe in and told all of us. Also, when Sierra came to the peasants group, she had her own mosaic from the guerrillas but now has more beliefs from the peasant's culture.

There was cooperation in the game because people were making treaties and there was not a lot of violence. When people made the treaties, they held up their part and kept their promise. For example, the peasants made a treaty with the Guerrillas stating no violence and if the guerrillas overpower the Army and Wealthy, they would side with the Peasants. In return, the peasants would give them a vote for the election. They had the same beliefs as us because they wanted a democracy and take the power away from the Army and Wealthy. That is cooperation, we worked together to achieve our goals.

In the game, there was conflict when the Guerrillas kidnapped the president of the Army and Wealthy. In the beginning, the Army and Wealthy were trying to get her back but decided to just get another president. That was conflict because the Guerrilla believed in kidnapping to change the game and the Army and Wealthy believed in getting their president back. That's conflict between beliefs, Guerrillas wanted one thing and the Army and Wealthy wanted something else. There was more conflict when people ripped treaties. Another conflict situation was when the Guerrillas made a treaty with the Guatemala Government. On the back of the treaty the government stated to take away all of the guerrilla's MSUs which created conflict between social groups.

Cooperation worked the best because that helped us accomplished our goals. The peasants didn't have much conflict that would make us fight back. Also no treaties were ripped up for us. We worked well with the guerrillas and US government. At one point, the Guatemala Government made a treaty stating that they will build a wall and will make the peasants build it. We got very mad but didn't create conflict. Instead we make a treaty stating that we will not build the wall under any circumstances. Cooperation works well in the game for the peasant group.


Based on the outcome of the game and the nation, I predict that the peasants will try to run a successful government but fails. In one year, the peasants had nothing and now are running a huge government. They don't have a lot of knowledge about a government because they didn't have the education. However, the lack of education was because of the Guatemala Government didn't give them the money or opportunity to learn. They will still need to have assistance from the Army and Wealthy unless they start a new army. The army and wealthy could create an army as well and fight back the new government to make a communism country. Also the guerrilla could always turn their backs and use violence against the peasants to create destruction. They might rebel against the new government and won't cooperate with them. As hard as they can try, I don't think they can run a government from the lack of skills, and other social groups could stop them. Also in a year, the US Government would either stay out of it or try to get back their bananas. They could be useless because they would just stand by and watch without doing anything. Guatemala would fall again like it did the year before and are back at square one.


Real World Examples

A real world example that explains the enduring understanding is the 9/11 attacks. 9/11 was a devastating event that occurred on September 11, 2001. Osama Bin Laden's followers (Al-Qaeda) are Islam Muslim extremists and were apart of the attack. The enduring understanding claim relates to this because this event had different social groups. The social groups were us, Americans and Al-Qaeda. There was no cooperation in this event, it was all conflict. Al-Qaeda's goals were to kill americans because they don't like us and don't understand our beliefs. The US wanted to stop the terrorists from killing everyone and try to cooperate with them. Al-Qaeda's people were not willing to talk it out or anything, they had one mission to fulfill.

There was human migration because people from Al-Qaeda traveled over here, however for a bad reason. Also, coming to America to destroy us was a pull factor. It was a pull factor because their religion drawn them here from their beliefs.

My perspective, along with most of America, is that these terrorists are bad, dangerous, and we need to stop them from more destruction. Our values and beliefs are to have peace and get rid of all of the dangerous people. However, Al-Qaeda has a different perspective on this situation. They think that they should take their own life for their beliefs. This means that they would die for their religion because they think their religion should be the only one. They have their own values and they think they did the right thing. I realized why they believe in that, but their beliefs are different from mine therefore I think their values are dangerous and crazy.

Another real world example is ISIS. ISIS is another group formed from Al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq. ISIS broke off of Al-Qaeda but they are more violent. All they do is destroy, they attacked France, Belgium, California, and Fort Hood in Texas. This group are people who come together and attack people who don't convert to the their religion, Islam religion. There is a lot of conflict, they have their beliefs that all Non-Muslims should die. The goals of ISIS are war and create destruction. America's goals are to stop ISIS and stop them from killing people, even if it takes a long time. They attack people everywhere on the earth and encourages teens to convert to their group so we need to stop them.

ISIS and the US are different social groups because each group share different beliefs. America tries to create cooperation with ISIS but most of the time it doesn't work. Right now, America is using violence to stop ISIS because it might be the only way to stop them. ISIS has a different perspective then the US, the only thing they see in front of them is to convert non-Muslims to Muslims. If that doesn't work, then they use violence. ISIS brings it to the point where they take ordinary people and behead them. They don't think they are doing anything wrong but we see it as very wrong. Our perspective is that we have freedom to be whoever we want to be and no one can take that away. Americans already fought for freedom, they don't need another fight. These two social groups don't see eye to eye and something needs to change to have one another cooperate.

Democrats and Republicans are another real world example relating to the enduring understanding because sometimes they work together and other times they have disagreements. Democrats and republicans have to work together to run the country and make tough decisions that might not always be agreed the first day. One situation that these parties are discussing is the gun law. Democrats believe in no guns and republicans believe in people owning a gun. During the process, the parties would agree and work together to make both sides happy. But sometimes they disagree and there's conflict between parties because they believe in different things.

Each party is a social group, democrats share similar beliefs and values on how to run this country but the republicans think differently. There are multiple perspectives between each party because the republicans believe and see different views than the democrats. Republicans believe in guns because they are traditionalist meaning that they go back to the Constitution. The Constitution states that people have the right to own a gun. Democrats believe in no guns because they want change in the world. Both parties have to see the other party's perspective and factor that into making the decision before it's final. Each social group has a different view on situations that can be resolved by cooperation. If they can't agree, there could be conflict between them.

Connections from real world examples to my experience in the simulation

The real world example of Democrats and Republicans connects to my experience in the simulation because there was both conflict and cooperation. The parties have to work together to get their jobs done in creating a successful government. I had to work together with the guerrillas to get the job done in order to achieve my goals. Also the democrats and republicans' goals are to keep the government in control and my goals was to create a democracy and have a successful election.

There is human migration because the democrats and republicans might have to go to another country to discuss topics. Or a democrat might have a pull factor towards the republican party. That person might be pulled for having new beliefs, ideas, or cultures.

In the simulation, every social groups brought their values and beliefs to the classroom and shared it to people. For example, my values were to have a democracy and an election, that's what I believe in. So that's what I told people and I tried to get them to agree. The parties would join together with their beliefs and try to make the other people to see their values.

Power shifting between social groups

If the power shifted between Al-Qaeda and the US from the 9/11 attacks then the whole world would be different. When the terrorists attacked us, we were in a great amount of fear, they had all the power. The US had barely any power because they surprised us and everyone went into full security mode. We've been in war with them since then and if power shifted then we could have stopped them. If we had the power over Al-Qaeda then there wouldn't be any violence with them. We would have had peace and cooperation. Fighting Al-Qaeda right now, we're basically equal in power. But if we have more power, than we could stop the terrorists. Power is critical in accomplishing goals.

Power shifting having negative and/or positive effects

Power shifting can have a negative effect because that could cause even more destruction. If US has the power, then Al-Qaeda could get even more desperate and can lead to a massacre to make their point. Al-Qaeda followers are very powerful and will do anything to get their point across.

Power shifting can have a positive effect because the world can change for the better. Power shifting from Al-Qaeda to the US means that we can stop them and their violence. We could finally live in peace. Another example would be having the power taken away from a dictatorship to a democracy. This is because people would have their freedom and have a say in how the government runs.


How does the Enduring Understanding connect to my life?

The enduring understanding connects to my life because there's plenty of cooperation and conflict. Everyday I cooperate by making decisions, especially in group work. Outside my school life, I cooperate with my friends. For example, picking a movie or deciding what to eat for dinner, I talk it out and we both make the decision. Cooperation is in everyday life, everyone cooperates with each other.

With cooperation , there's conflict. People with different views on a topic can lead to conflict. Deciding which movie my friend and I would go to can have conflict. I might want to see a comedy movie but my friend might want to see a horror movie. That's conflict, we have different views on the topic. Another situation with conflict would be my family reunion party. My aunt and uncle had a disagreement on something so she whacked him with her cane. There was a violent conflict between them because my aunt saw a different view than my uncle.

In my life, humans migrate all around the world. My sister and her family decided on moving to Florida because there was a job opportunity which is a pull factor. I didn't like the decision but I wanted my sister to be happy. Also, I migrated to a new house when I was younger due to a push factor. The house I used to live in was very small and my family needed more space. In doing so, it made everyone happier.

Cultural mosaics connects to my life because everything that makes up me is from what I like and believe in. Everything that I believe in, I bring to school and show who I am. Doing that, I can learn new ideas/cultures that interests me. My coat of arms mosaic is an example of cultural mosaics because I put everything I do and my values into one and showed it to my friends.

There are different social groups in my life. A social group is a group of people who have similar values and beliefs. Family, friends, and the lunch room are social groups. Family is a social group because we have similar values on when we eat dinner or go to bed. That can be different in another family household. Also my friends are a social group because we like the same things and believe in the same values. With different social groups comes with multiple perspectives. For example, at the lunch room, you can look around and see the top of the icebergs of people. If a student looks at my friend, not really knowing her, she has a perspective. That student could be see her characteristics of what she eats, dresses like, her behavior, etc. However, I know my friend much better so I know her beliefs, values, and her attitude. I would know if she's sad or mad or crazy because I have a different perspective about her. There's multiple perspectives about anyone and that makes up social groups.

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Connections between MY experience in the simulation and MY life

My experience in the simulation connects to my life because when I was a peasant in the game, everyone wanted to make a deal with us. They were willing to cooperate with us and help each other. In my life, my friends would come to me for help on studying or homework. Also, during the game, there was a situation when I got angry at the army and wealthy for making a treaty but I had to deal with it. In my life, there are some situations where I get angry but I can't do anything to about it. For example, my friend made a really bad decision dating a guy but I couldn't do anything about it because it was her choice.


I predict that there will be a future conflict in my family because I'm going to another family party with these two cousins who don't like each other that much. Not liking each other could create conflict because they have different values and they only see the tip of the icebergs of each other. They don't really talk to each other so they don't see the deeper things about one another. If they get to know each other, there wouldn't be conflict between them and everyone would get along.

My social group in Bullets and Ballots

My social group that I was apart of was the peasants. We are the lower class people who don't have anything but some of us do have a job. We make up over 75% of the Guatemalan population but we don't own land, and we don't have health care. Our objective in the game was to own land, organize workers for better play, and have a democracy. We don't like that we are being controlled and in danger most of the time. During the game, our group came to one objective that we needed the most. It was to join forces with the guerrillas and work with them. My group agreed on most of the treaties and we talked all together to think about what we would do for that day. We all worked together and that helped us achieve our goals.

Power shifting between social groups in the simulation

In the simulation, there was a power shift between the Guerrillas and the Army and Wealthy. The army and wealthy had most of the power in the beginning of the game. As the game was going, people were more creative and made treaties helping the guerrillas gain more MSUs. That was a huge power shift because the guerrillas used that power to kidnap the president of the army and wealthy. Each group has different beliefs and values that contributed in making the guerrilla more powerful. However a group did help the army and wealthy gain that power back. That situation just shows that anything can happen and anyone can gain power at anytime of the game.

How has power shifted and how conflict and cooperation occurred between social groups

Power has shifted in the game by different social groups going around and make treaties. The guerrillas did had more MSUs than most of the groups (besides the army and wealthy) but with everyone's help, the guerrilla gained that power. Conflict and cooperation occurred between social group when people either rip of treaties or break the treaties. For instant, the peasants made a treaty with the Guatemala Government stating that we wouldn't have to build a wall and in return, we support them in the election. They basically asked us to help them in the election but we didn't do that. We believe in electing out president, not their president. Cooperation occurred between social groups because their wasn't a lot of violence and we worked well with the guerrillas. They kept the promise and in the end, both social groups joined forces and elected for my president for the election.

6 word story that sums up Unit 2

Social groups balance conflict and cooperation.