Down Syndrome

Maria Medellin

Facts About Of Down Syndrome:

1.All people with Down syndrome experience cognitive delays, but the effect is usually mild to moderate and is not indicative of the many strengths and talents that each individual possess.

2.Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels.

3.There are approximately 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the United States.

Causes

1.The extra chromosome 21 leads to the physical features and developmental challenges that can occur among people with Down syndrome.

2.Women who are 35 years or older when they become pregnant are more likely to have a pregnancy affected by Down syndrome than women who become pregnant at a younger age.

Symptoms

1.Intestinal blockage at birth requiring surgery.

2.Hip dislocation.

3.Leukemia in infancy or early childhood.

4.Hirschsprung disease.

Treatment

A screening test can tell a woman and her healthcare provider whether her pregnancy has a lower or higher chance of having Down syndrome. So screening tests help decide whether a diagnostic test might be needed. Screening tests do not provide an absolute diagnosis, but they are safer for the mother and the baby. Diagnostic tests can typically detect whether or not a baby will have Down syndrome, but they can be more risky for the mother and baby. Neither screening nor diagnostic tests can predict the full impact of Down syndrome on a baby; no one can predict this.

Life Exp.

  1. The life expectancy of people with Down's syndrome has doubled in 15 years from 25 to 49 years, a new analysis of US data reveals. The research also shows people with the syndrome are much less likely to die from a range of cancers.