the holocaust

by: katlin shepherd

the holocaust /sorce 1-www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

the holocaust

Monday, Jan. 30th 1933 at 9pm

Germany

The Holocaust (also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, 1933 - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe officially ended

the holocaust/sorce 2-history1900s.about.com

Gate at the main entrance to Auschwitz. (Photo courtesy USHMM)

Although the term "concentration camps" is often used to describe all Nazi camps, there were actually a number of different kinds of camps, including transit camps, forced-labor camps, and death camps. In some of these camps there was at least a small chance to survive; while in others, there was no chance at all. When and where were these camps built? How many people were murdered in each one?

the holocaust/ sorce 3-www.ushmm.org

For two weeks in August 1936, Adolf Hitler's Nazi dictatorship camouflaged its racist, militaristic character while hosting the Summer Olympics. Softpedaling its antisemitic agenda and plans for territorial expansion, the regime exploited the Games to bedazzle many foreign spectators and journalists with an image of a peaceful, tolerant Germany.

the holocaust/ sorce 4- www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/ jews killed


Country

Pre-Final Solution Jewish Population

Jewish Population Killed in Final Solution

Percent Killed


Poland

3,300,000

3,000,000

90%


Baltic Countries

253,000

228,000

90%


Germany/Austria

240,000

210,000

88%


Protectorate

90,000

80,000

89%


Slovakia

90,000

75,000

83%


Greece

70,000

54,000

77%


The Netherlands

140,000

105,000

75%


Hungary

650,000

450,000

70%


White Russia

375,000

245,000

65%


Ukraine*

1,500,000

900,000

60%


Belgium

65,000

40,000

60%


Yugoslavia

43,000

26,000

60%


Romania

600,000

300,000

50%


Norway

1,800

900

50%


France

350,000

90,000

26%


Bulgaria

64,000

14,000

22%


Italy

40,000

8,000

20%


Luxembourg

5,000

1,000

20%


Russia *

975,000

107,000

11%


Denmark

8,000

--

--


Finland

2,000

--

--



Total

8,861,800

5,933,900

67%

the holocaust/ sorce 5- The New York Times

What they have found so far has shocked even scholars steeped in the history of the Holocaust.

The researchers have cataloged some 42,500 Nazi ghettos and camps throughout Europe, spanning German-controlled areas from France to Russia and Germany itself, during Hitler’s reign of brutality from 1933 to 1945.

The figure is so staggering that even fellow Holocaust scholars had to make sure they had heard it correctly when the lead researchers previewed their findings at an academic forum in late January at the German Historical Institute in Washington.

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