Review of Federal Court System !

Unit Six Lesson 1 Mastery Assignment

Two of the levels of the Federal Court System

District Courts: Federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun

Court of Appeals: Federal court that reviews decisions made in the district courts

The two types of Jurisdiction

Appellate Jurisdiction: the authority to hear a case appealed from a lower court.

Original Jurisdiction: the authority to hear a case for the first time.

Three Main Figures Involved Within the Court System

Life Terms: They can hold office for as long as they like

Frequently questioned decisions

Precedents: Model for other judges to follow in making their own decisions on similar cases.

Opinions: Explains the legal thinking behind the court's decision in the case.

Remands: Sending a case back to the lower court to be tried again