Trait Perspective Guidelines

By: Stefan Tonkins

Gordon Allport

Gordon Allport was born in Indiana in 1897. He was an american psychologist and personalities thoerist who researched the idea that personalities are unique. He was often called a founding father of personality psychology.

Raymond Cattell

Raymond Cattell was born March 20, 1905 in West Bromwich, England. He was an english psychologist who researched weather some traits influenced others. He used factor analysis to come up with 16 key personality dimensions or factors to describe personality.

Hans Eysenck

Hans Eysenck was born March 4 1916, in Berlin Germany. Hans researched the genetically influenced dimensions of personality. He had 3 different source traits dimensions. Psychoticism, Nueroticism, and Extraversion-Introversion.

William Sheldon

William Sheldon was born november 18 1898, in Warwick Rhode Island. He was an american psychologist and numismatist. He created the field of somatotype and constitutional psychology, that tried to correlate body types withbehavior, intelligence and social hierarchy through his Ivy League nude posture photos.

The Big 5 Traits

  1. The Big Five personality traits are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. These five factors are assumed to represent the basic structure behind all personality traits. They were defined and described by several different researchers during multiple periods of research.

Trait Theory

Psychologists accept that people can be described and compared in terms of basic personality traits. But Trait Theory doesn't really explain personality, simply describes the behaviors.

Twin study

  1. The classic twin study design relies on studying twins raised in the same family environments. Monozygotic (identical) twinsshare all of their genes, while dizygotic (fraternal) twins share only about 50 percent of them, the same as non-twin siblings.

Nurture vs. Nature

  1. "Nature versus nurture" is a psychology term related to whether heredity or the environment most impacts human psychological development (behavior, habits, intelligence, personality, sexuality, aggressive tendencies, and so on.