The Nile, Africa
Four places you have to see.
The Aswan Dam
The project in Egypt was started in 1960. It took ten years to build, but it was worth it. It added to the economy and culture of Egypt, but with a downside fish further down became less in number due to less nutrients in the river. Farmland was also effected by this but doesn't have a big impact because the fields of Egypt have been growing in size, basically making up for the loss. Because of the dam also being built it "made" electricity from the turbines in it, making it a hydroelectric dam. And of course the Dam is built on the Nile. This dam has caused many more good outcomes for Egypt than it has bad outcomes, since it doesn't pollute either, even though it has to be maintained their is a greater since of earning from it than loosing to it.
This is often common, this city is split in half (give or take a few hundred yards due to growth) because of the Nile. Due to the Aswan Dam (read above if you haven't) the city has been growing rapidly. Most of the water of the city is taken from the Nile, that is fine but one thing changes that. Pollution, they are polluting the water that they drink in a way. This will surely cause problems in upcoming years, maybe even decades. There are many bridges to connect both sides of the city so people can go between halves of the city and over the Nile.
The city where the Blue Nile and the White Nile meet together to form the Nile. Both Niles have different looks.Lake Tana is the source of the Blue Nile. But both are still fed by rainfall and runoff in the east African highlands.It is a rapid river, it also picks up a lot of dark soil on it's trip. Towards the point where the two meet it slows down. Lake Victoira is the source of the White Nile. It goes through two lakes and a large waterfall before reaching the plains of Surdan, there it turns into a muddy color giving this river it's name.
The Arid landscape of the Nile
The Nile passes through a desert on it's way to it's stopping point. Because of this it brings much needed relief tot he people trying to live int he desert, it even helps much in the desert that green plants grow on the banks of the Nile. It even brings, not realistically, the people living here running to the Nile just to cool down and have something cool to drink. The way it goes through is also nearest to the biggest desert on earth. The Sahara, also to the east is the Red sea of this river. By now it is somewhat half way to the Aswan High dam, which blocks out most of the nutrients it could have picked up on the way there.