By: Lindsay Sheets

Definition of a wetland

A wetland is an area of land that is covered with shallow water. Amphibians such as frogs and salamanders and many types of birds live in a wetland habitat. Wetlands are often known by other names such as bogs, marsh, fens, and swamps.

Statistics About Wetlands

Wetlands are the link between land and water.

They collect and hold flood waters.

They filter and purify water as it flows.

Four Types Of Wetlands

Marshes- A type of wetland that can be identified by soil that is covered by shallow water all year long. Marshes are home to birds such as herons which eat these animals.

Fens- A type of wetland that has water below the soil. Plants that grow in fens are generally more diverse and short than in a wetland.

Swamps- Trees grows in swamps. Swamps are often found near rivers and formed when rivers overflowed their banks. Many animals and plants call swamps their home!

Bogs-A type of wetland where peat is formed. Peat is created when organic matter such as decay, Animals such as moose, beavers, and nesting birds are known to live in bogs.

How wetlands are being destroyed

Due to the development and conversion half of the wetlands have disappeared. Wetlands have been drained for agriculture. Pollution and also climate change is taking its toll on the wetlands.

Preservation & Conservation Strategies

Repair the wetlands by making small hills and ditches.

Improve the coordination among agencies and the government.

Some of the animals in a wetland

Alligators- They have a beneficial living environment. They eat almost anything.

Beavers- They get a large amount of space and materials to create their home. They eat plants.

Dragonflies- They receive necessary recourse. They eat other flying insects.

Map Turtle- They get lots of food and a place to live that fits their needs. They eat plants.

Minks- They have a large quanity of food to eat in the wetlands. They eat Muskrats, birds, rabbits, mice, chipmunks, snakes and frogs.

Mudpuppy- They have a safe place to hide from predators in the vegetation in the wetlands.

Muskrats- They are able to get food, a home and a place to protect themselves from predators. They get cattails, waterlilies, arrowheads, mussels, crayfish, fish, snails and wild rice.

Some plants in a wetland

Pickerelweed- The leaves of the pickerelweed are heart-shaped with closely paralleling veins.

Sweet Gum- Cultivars without seed pods available

American Holly- Thorny leaves shed in spring.

Beach Plum- Edible fruit.

Big Cordgrass- Grows up to 10 feet and blooms from July to September.

Lindsay Sheets

Friday, Dec. 5th, 10am

Sparta NC

This is my S'more wetland rubric project.