Revoluti-onary Era

Colton Varvil P.D. 5

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What lead to the Revolutionary War

The colonist where very mad at the king. They where mad at him because he dint listen to the colonist and didn't do anything that the colonist wanted him to do. When the king dropped taxes on almost everything people started to get ferrous at him. The final thing that happened that made the revolutionary war happen was in Boston five unarmed civilizations got killed and more shot.
The first attack happened when the colonist got word that they where going to get attacked by the British. The colonist got guns and there was a stand off and they where both told to not shoot. Somehow a shot got off and that broke out into a war. There where more major battles in the war but there was one battle that was only against themselves. There where people who who didn't have food and there clothing was bad so they got super sick. The last battle was when the french helped out the colonist and they defeated about 8,000 British troops. There where a few more battles but nothing too bad and on July 4 1776 the King of England gave the United States independence.

Lexington & Concord 1775

The Battle of Lexington and Concord was made up of two battles that began on April 18th, 1775. The British troops where sent to kill John Hancock and Samuel Adams. They where warned about the attack. The night of April 18, 1775, Paul Revere rode through Concord warning everybody about the British attack when the British came in to take and attack the Rebels, the Minutemen, were waiting to attack at Lexington.
  • Both army's said don't fire unless they fare.
  • nobody knows who shot the first shot.
  • Hancock and Adams escape after the battle.
  • This battle took many lives.
  • The first show is called "the shot around the world".

Common Sense 1776

A 47-page pamphlet was created in Philadelphia on January 1776 called Common Sense. it spoke out against British rule over America. Common Sense was created anonymously. The word of the paper got around fast and over 500,000 copies where sold.
  • over 500,000 copies where sold.
  • It caused many colonist to change the view of the king.
  • The author was Tomas Pine.
  • It made people actually see that the government was abusing them.
  • Tomas thought the king and queen should not make the rules.

Declaration Of Independence ,1776

The Deceleration formally announces the colonies break from Britain. The colonist where angry at the king so they accused him of passing unfair laws and interfering with the colonial government. on July 4th 1776 the continental congress approved the Deceleration of Independence. The people who went against British government where called traitors.
  • 40% of colonist where patriots.
  • 20-30% where loyalist
  • The colonist where very mad at the king that's why they wanted to rebel.
  • People who go against the king and Britten are called traitors.
  • The people who go with and stay loyal to Britten are called loyalist.

The battle of Saratoga, 1777

The British had a plan to win the war by dividing the colonies in two through New York. A divided America would be easier to defeat. Three British armies were to meet in the middle of the colony of New York. The plan then failed entirely when the largest British army, commanded by General John Burgoyne, was defeated at Saratoga in 1777 by American General Horatio Gates. The general held the erroneous belief that the American rebels were ignorant farmers who could easily be swept away by highly trained British troops. He was wrong because the colonist won the battle.
  • The leader of the British army thought the colonist where going to loose.
  • The colonist won the battle and made the British retreat.
  • The British main plan was to go and separate the colonist so they will be easier to control.
  • This was a turning point in the war for the colonist.
  • The American no longer looked quite so hopeless.

Winter at Valley Forge, 1777-1778

Despite the victory at Saratoga, the war was far from over. The Continental Congress has to leave Philadelphia, which was occupied by British troops. Washington faced had a problem of feeding his 12,000 troops, and even faced threats to his leaderships from some of his officers. The marches they had to take destroyed the soldiers’ shoes. There were desertions, and many suffered from diseases and pneumonia. Although no battle was fought at Valley Forge, it represented a major test for the new Continental Army. Washington used his time at Valley Forge to train and discipline his troops.
  • Many people of Washington army got sick.
  • there was no war just a war against nature.
  • Washington couldn't feed his 12,000 troops.
  • They used the time at valley forge to train and get ready to fight.
  • George Washington was the leader at Valley forge.

Battle of Yorktown, 1781

The french started to help the colonist against the British. After several more years of fighting, General Washington managed, with help from the French. The French fleet
blocked their escape by sea. After a few days of combat, Cornwallis and his 8,000 British soldiers were forced to surrender in October 1781. British General Charles Cornwallis did not take part in the surrender ceremony, He said the he was not feeling well which is a sign of defeat. While Cornwallis sulked in his tent, his men surrendered their army to
General Washington and the Continental army. The Battle of Yorktown turned out to be the last major battle of the war. it took a while to actually stop a while but when word reached England of the defeat at Yorktown, the British government decided to give up the fight.
  • It took about a year to stop the fighting completely.
  • Yorktown was the last major battle in the war.
  • 8000 British solders where forced to surrender to the colonist.
  • The french helped the colonist beat the British soldiers.
  • The leader of the British army said he was ill, but in reality he was to scared.

The Treaty of Paris, 1783

After Yorktown there where a few small battles. lacking money for a new army Great Britain entered into peace talks with America. In this treaty the British recognized the independence of the Untied States. This treaty also set where Americas boundaries where. The courage of the soldiers and civilians where the reason for our freedom today.
  • There where a few battles after Yorktown
  • In 1783 the King recognized the Independence of the United States.
  • America has new borders.
  • America can now trade to the west.
  • People who believed in the country made the US free and separate from Britten.