Ancient Greece

By:Emily Mosty

About Greece

Greece is a country in southeastern Europe and has 2 mainlands and there thousands of islands throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. It's often called the birthplace of Western civilization. The capital is called Athens. Greece is also known for its beaches with all the the black sands of Santorini and resorts like the Mykonos.

Greece History

The Birth of Ancient Greece:

During the “Greek Dark Ages” people lived scattered throughout Greece in small farming villages. As they grew larger, these villages began to get bigger. Some built walls but most people built a marketplace and community meeting places. They developed governments and organized their citizens according to some sort of laws. They raised armies and collected taxes. Every one in these city-states was said to be protected by a certain god or goddess and had respect and made many sacrifices for this god.


Land was the most important source of wealth in the Ancient Greece The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their homes and were scatted around Greece. In this way, the colonies of the Archaic period were different from other colonies we are familiar with the people who lived there were not ruled by or bound to the city-states from which they came. The new people were self-governing and self-sufficient.


Capital: Athens

Population: 5th century BC varys from 800,000 to over 3,000,000.

Official language: Greek

The economy of ancient Greece was largely defined by the region's dependence on imported goods, with the poor quality of Greece's soil rendering agricultural trade of particular importance. They also had a big population for back then.


Greece has many minerals/resources. These include marble, clay, bauxite, nickel, ore, coal and chromate. The country only has one major petroleum deposit (Aegean Sea near Thasos).


GPD per Capital (US$)






Other Facts about Ancient Greece

-Greece has an area of 131,940 square kilometers (50,942 square miles) and a coastline of 13,676 kilometers (8,498 miles),

-No one in Greece can choose to not vote

-Voting is required by a law if you are 18 years or older

-Most of Greece is mountainous and has a rocky terrain

-Nearly 80% of Greece is mountainous

-About 12 million people around the world speak Greek today

-Greece has about 1400 islands today

-Greek military leaders trained standing shoulder to shoulder, the men were protected by their neighbor's shield. This technique played an important role in the Wars and helped the Greeks build their empire.

What did they wear?

Greeks wore light loose clothes because the weather was hot for most of the year. Long pieces of colourful fabric were used to make the Greek clothes. The main item of clothing for men was a tunic, called a chiton, These were big squares of cloth, held in place by pins at the shoulders and a belt round the waist.
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So to sum it all up Ancient Greece had a big population. Their colonization included people scattered every where. Also during the Greek dark ages the small farm villages evolved with walls, community meeting places and market places. Greece was very mountainous and from 1975-1998 Greece had around 10,000 GPD in US dollars.
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