Lake Michigan Trip

Summer Fun

In the beginning of August, my mom, siblings, and I took a trip down to Sheboygan to play around Lake Michigan and visit my grandparents. We started off in Green Bay and drove the hour to get to our destination. We took my moms old blue van which held all of our sweaters, which we needed desperately. It was cloudy and cold. Not a good day to go.

Connection to Science #1

While traveling, we rode in gas fueled vehicle.

The fuel in the car powered the engine. There are four phases of the Combustion cycle that are used to keep the car in motion. The cycles repeat of and over, making the car stay in motion. The first is intake. During this phase the intake valves open while the piston pushes itself downward. This brings gas and air to the engine. The second phase is all about compression. The piston moves up and gas and air get pushed into a smaller space where it can cause a bigger explosion to push the car forward. The third phase is combustion. The spark plug ignites, causing the gas to explode. The explosion forces the piston to get pushed down. The fourth and last phase is exhaust. The exhaust valve opens and empties the leftover gas that was made by the explosion. The gas moves to the catalytic converter, then the muffler, and finally exits he tailpipe.

Connection to Science #2

The air was colder at the lake than when we were a mile away.

The Prevailing Westerlies push all of the warm water off of Wisconsin's coast and into Michigan's. The water has to be replaced with something other than warm water(because it was pushed to Michigan's coast), so it gets replaced with cold water. Therefore the water is colder on Wisconsin's than the water than on Michigan's coast.

I wonder...

What would happen if we used a different fuel to keep the vehicles running?

Why don't we have more evironmentally friendly items fueling our cars?

How do electric cars work compared to gas powered cars?

When the warm water is replaced with cold water, does the water at the bottom of the lake get colder?

Citations

"Surface Temperature Differences in the Great Lakes." The Geographic Society of Chicago RSS2. N.p., 06 Mar. 2015. Web. 03 Sept. 2015.

"How Does an Engine Work?" How Does an Engine Work? N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Sept. 2015.