Philippines

Sanya 1st Period

Introduction

Philippines is officially known as the Republic Of The Philippines. The capital is Manila. It is a good country to live in and start business. It has many natural resources. It is in Southeast Asia and is a sovereign island country. It is prone to earthquakes and typhoons. It is the 64th largest country in the world. Philippines became a Spanish colony in the 16th century. At one time, it was occupied by the Japanese. Philippines gained its independence on July 4th, 1946. The United States had military bases in Philippines and it closed the last military base 1992. Philippines faces threats from many countries in the world.

Slogan- 'Philippines: The land of beauty and glory.'

CLIMATE AND GEOGRAPHY



Philippines is located in Southeastern Asia between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea. The coordinates are 13 00 N and 122 00 E. The total area of Philippines is 300,000 square kilometers. It has a tropical marine climate with northeast monsoon and southwest monsoon. The country is mostly mountainous with narrow as well as extensive lowlands. The lowest point of elevation is 0 meter in the Philippine Sea. The highest elevation is Mount Apo 2,954 meter. The largest islands which are 11 have 94 percent of the total land area.

People and Culture

Philippines is a country with people from all around the world. It has a population of tourists every year. Philippines was a U.S. territory for about 40 years and adopted the modern pop culture. Philippines is majorly a Roman Catholic country. The official language is called Filipino. Filipinos are casual, caring, fun, and bold people. Families (meaning- parents and children) live together with peace, harmony, and love. Education has a huge value in their culture. The family members sacrifice a lot for the children's education.


Almost everyone is Christian. 83 percent are Roman Catholics. The official language is Filipino, but still, only 55 percent people speak Filipino as their first language. Mostly English is spoken. The country has more than 170 different languages. Philippines is the 3rd most English speaking country. The people have culture traits of Americans, Chinese, Indonesian, and Indians. Philippines also has a Hispanic influence of Mexico and Spain. Basketball, Mac Donald's, Burger King, Pizza Hut, and KFC are popular. Still, the people have great respect for their elders, family, and their culture


The traditional dance of Philippines is called Tinikling. It is a dance done with bamboo sticks lifting and moving. The Filipinos have Indigenous art, Kut-kut art, and Islamic art. They play music using guitars, flutes, ukelele, violin, trumpets, and drums. They also likes cinema and television. They have their own architecture techniques. They like rice, seafood, and corn. The people try to learn martial arts. They celebrate festivals such as Ati-atihan, Sinulog Festival, Bangus Festival, Pahiyas Festival, Parada ng Lechon, Tuna Festival, Masskara festival, Aliwan Grand Fiesta, et cetera.

Timeline

June 24, 1571. Legazpi established Manila as the capital city with himself as Governor-General.

October 5, 1762. The British fleet defeated the Spanish warship allowing the British rule the country for two years.

July 7, 1892. At the same day of Rizal’s capture, Andres Bonifacio, Teodoro Plata and Valentin Diaz established the "Katipunan", a revolutionary movement aimed to fight for freedom against Spain.

May 10, 1897. Andres Bonifacio and his brother Procopio were excuted in Mt. Tala, Cavite after an unjust trial headed by General. Mariano Noriel, an associate of Emilio Aguinaldo.

December 15, 1897. Primo de Rivera and Pedro Paterno signed the Truce of Biak-na-Bato allowing a temporary ceasefire between the Spanish and the Filipinos.

May 1, 1898. Manila Bay turned into a massive battle field between United States and Spain. The Americans defeated the Spanish fleet led by Admiral Patricio Montojo.

June 12, 1898. Independence Day

December 7, 1941. The Japanese bombed the Pearl Harbor, a US military base in Hawaii. The Philippines was attacked ten hours after the bombing.

March 14, 1947. The Treaty of General Relations was signed, allowing the US Military Bases to be installed in the Philippines for 99 years.

December 26, 1968. Jose Maria Sison reestablished the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) as a Stalinist-Maoist Political Party.

Government And Citizenship

The government of Philippines is also known as the 'Philippines National Government'. It is a presidential, representative, and democratic republic. The president is the head of the state and the government. There are 3 main branches of the government of Philippines. They are Legislative Department, Executive Department, and the Judicial Department. The Legislative Power is vested in the congress, the Executive Power is vested in the president, and the Judicial Power is vested in the Supreme Court. These branches work together to help govern the country. These three branches are monitored by The Office Of The Ombudsman. The Ombudsman is assisted by six deputies: The Overall Deputy, The Deputy for Luzon, The Deputy for Visayas, The Deputy for Mindanao, The Deputy for the Armed Forces, and The Special Prosecutor.


The voting age for Philippines is 18. People younger than 18 do not have the right to vote. Every citizen has the right to vote. They have the rights to protest against things non-violently. There are many institutions which are set up for preventing crimes in Philippines. Laws are made and the criminals get punished. If there are major cases, the case goes to the court. Education is considered very important and family members sacrifice a lot for their children. There is an educational system which is necessary for K-12. The school starts at a fixed date given by The Department Of Education. The children learn Spanish at school. The Elementary school consists of grades 1 through six. The Secondary school consists of grades after 6th grade. People have rights. They have press freedom, freedom of expression, freedom to travel, and many other rights.

Economy

The economy of Philippines is 40th largest in the world. It is one of the emerging markets. Philippines is developing a lot and will be a greater economy in some time. Some exports of Philippines are: semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, and fruits. Some imports are: fuel, electronic products, transport equipment, industrial machinery, iron ore and metal scrap, and cereals. Major trading partners of Philippines are United States, Japan, China, Singapore, South Korea, the Netherlands, Hong Kong, Germany, Taiwan, and Thailand.


The banking system in Philippines is stable and the stock market was the second best in Asia. The GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) of 2012 was $419.6 billion. The GDP (Official Exchange Rate) was $246.8 billion. The GDP (Per Capita/P.P.P.) was $4,400. The Gross National Saving was 21.3 percent in 2012. 11.8 percent population depends on agriculture for survival, 31.1 percent is on industry, and 57.1 percent on services. 26.5 percent people fall under the poverty line. There are markets and companies which improve the economy of Philippines.

Companies

I think these companies will be interested in Philippines.



  1. Hershey's
  2. Burger King
  3. Allegiant Air
  4. Ford Motor Company
  5. Coca-Cola

Hershey's

Hershey's is the largest chocolate manufacturer in North America. The headquarters are in Pennsylvania. Hershey's is very popular among kids and adults. People all around the world adore chocolate. So do the people in Philippines. Hershey's is a high ranking company. Their chocolates taste very good. There is no shortage of chocolate in Philippines, so Hershey's would be good in Philippines.

Burger King

Burger King is a fast food company. As the name tells, there are burgers. The headquarters are in Miami, Florida, United States. It began in 1953. It has it's branches in many countries. Burger King is very famous and about 11 million people visit everyday. The slogan of Burger King is "Have It Your Way". Philippines has some traits of American culture. So, burger is widely eaten in Philippines. All the resources like vegetables, et cetera are available in Philippines. So, I think Burger King will have a great business in Philippines.

Allegiant Air

Allegiant Air is an American airplane company. It was found in 1997. Allegiant Air doesn't go to every city. It goes to certain ones. We also can purchase tickets at the counter at the last minute if they are available. There are many facilities in this company. We can bring our devices also. There is always help if we do not know something. Travel in Philippines is very important and common. Many tourists and citizens like to go around the country and visit many places. So, I think Allegiant Air will be a good air travel for Philippines.

Ford Motor Company

Ford is a multinational American company. The headquarters are in Michigan, Detroit. Ford is a very high ranking motor company. It has manufactured many cars and automobiles. Many people in the world use Ford as their car brand. Philippines can use Ford because it is very popular and trustworthy. Ford keeps on developing and manufacturing new cars. Philippines has many good car companies and if Ford is added, Philippines will improve a lot.

Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink which is drank throughout the world. It was first seen and produces in Atlanta, Georgia. Coca-Cola comes in many flavors. It is often referred to as Coke. Most of the people drink Coca-Cola. The first Coca-Cola company was opened in the 19th century. I think it would be good for Philippines because the people have American traits too and Americans love Coca-Cola. It would be good for business and economy.