The War of 1812

Alyssa McKnight

Causes

1: Tecumseh - was a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and became an ally of Britain in the War of 1812. The Shawnee were military allies with the British during the American Revolutionary War and repeatedly battled the Americans. They settled in Prophetstown, Indiana. After his death his confederation disintegrated, and the Natives had to return west.


2: Battle of Trippe-Canoe- was fought on November 7, 1811, near present day Lafayette, Indiana between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory. As tensions and violence increased, Governor Harrison marched with an army of about 1,000 men to disperse the confederacy's headquarters at Prophetstown, near the Trippecanoe river. Later Harrison's men fought the Natives and won, the natives abandoned the town. Harrison burned it down and returned home.


3: War Hawks - who consisted of Democratic-Republicans and were primarily from southern and western states. the War Hawks advocated going to war against Britain for reasons related to the interference of the Royal Navy in American shipping; they believed it hurt Americas economy. Henry Clay was one of the most significant War Hawks.


4: Native American Attacks on Frontier: Instigated by the British. Simply because native americans and european colonists of "Frontiersmen" couldn't put aside their differences and get along.

Battle Regions

1: Naval Battles- When the United States declared war on Great Britain in June 1812, the U.S. Navy was an eighteen-year-old institution with barely a dozen ships to its name. In manpower, too, the British far outstripped the Americans. The British Blockade was till going on a this time.


2: Chesapeake Campaign- The Campaign of 1814 was a significant period because the British occupied our nation's capital after the American defeat at the Battle of Bladensburg, but were repulsed during the Battle for Baltimore. The burning of the White House, The Capital, The Navy Yard, and many more public buildings in Washington, D.C. With most of the regular U.S. Army on the Canadian border, the defense of the Chesapeake and the nation's capital fell largely to poorly trained and inexperienced militia.

Effects of the War

1: Nationalism - One effect on the War of 1812 is Nationality. Nationality is "spirit and aspirations common to the whole of a nation.


2: Native Americans Lose Land/Power: Europeans were invading and taking land from the Natives


3: American realizes Canada is a friendly neighbor: After a while America congress started to recognize Canada is a peaceful neighbor


4: Americans gain worldwide respect: other countries saw that we, America were like watchmen and we gained more respect.