Allergies and Asthma

By: Robert S and Caroline B

Cause and Core Symptoms of Allergies

Allergies can be caused by allergens found in the world around us. Allergens themselves are for the most part harmless, however, your immune system mistakes these innocent allergens for a serious threat and attacks them. The symptoms of an allergy are the result of a body's misguided assault. A extremely small amount of people do not suffer from allergies because their immune systems see these harmless allergens for what they are, harmless. Some symptoms of allergies include swelling of the eyes, tongue, month, and nose, coughing, dry throat, watering eyes, and hives.

Causes and Core Symptoms of Asthma

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. When an individual has asthma, their airways can get swollen whenever it comes into to contact with different triggers. Some of these triggers are allergens found in the environment and foods, air pollution, and physical activity that has heavy lung use.

Allergies and Asthma is paracrine pathway

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Those who have asthma and allergies, have a cytokine (regulators of immune responses) cluster on chromosome 5. Chromosome 5 is the one effected the most by this disease.

Allergic Reaction

Allergens (dust, pollen, etc.) enter the body, causing antibodies to be created. Antibodies then alert mast cells once they come into contact with allergens. The mast cells then produce histamine, which causes the inflammation, releasing fluid, causing runny noses.
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Allergies vs. Asthma

Allergies and asthma are very similar when looking at them in a molecular sense. What triggers allergies can also trigger asthma and they both are considered inflammatory. However, allergies are an inflammatory response whereas asthma is an inflammatory disease.

The distinction between an allergic response than to a normal response is the over production of antigens

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Future of Asthma and Allergies

As of right now, there are many treatments to keep allergies and asthma under control. For allergies you can take pills daily and you also can get many different shots to target specific allergens. For asthma, you can use an inhaler to expand your airways whenever they constrict when you're having an attack.

Works Cited

Akdis, Cezmi A., MD, and Kurt Blaser, PhD. "Histamine in the Immune Regulation of Allergic Inflammation." Elsevier Inc., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2015.

"Allergies and the Immune System." The John Hopkins University, n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.

Anderson, G., and J. Morrison. "Molecular Biology and Genetics of Allergy and Asthma." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"Asthma FAQ Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - What Is the Difference Between Allergies and Asthma? - EMedicineHealth." EMedicineHealth. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"Cytokine." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"Genetics of Asthma and Allergic Disease." Oxford University Press, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

National Center for Biotechnology Information (US). Asthma. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"Slideshow Pictures: Allergy -- What Happens in a Nasal Allergy Attack on EMedicineHealth." EMedicineHealth. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.

"What Causes Chronic Allergies and Allergy Symptoms?" WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.