St. Domingue - The Rebellion
By: Cami Jimenez
The St. Domingue Rebellion Connection between Abolitionist Beliefs and the Continuation of American Democracy
Background Information on St. Domingue and their Slavery
- It was a French colony
- It had the largest amount of slaves in the Caribbean (1/2 million)
- Slaves there were treated extremely harshly. For example: salt, pepper and even hot ashes were poured onto their bleeding wounds sometimes.
The Reason for Rebellion
- The main reason for the rebellions was that the French would not grant the free men of color citizenship
- The free men believed that they, too, were French citizens according to the terms of the Declaration of the Rights of Man, and that therefore, they should have the same rights
Slaves attacked the plantation buildings with hooks, machetes and torches.
They also burned and set fire to everything that was connected with the work on the sugar plantations that they hated.
He was the leader of the rebellion.
This is a painting depicting what a rebellion during that time might have looked like.
St. Domingue and France
This is a map of where St. Domingue (now Haiti) and France are located.
Facts about Toussaint L'Ouverture
- He originally sided with the French
- He was known as "the Black Napoleon" by his allies
- He was a former slave
- He was the leader of the only successful slave revolt in modern history (the Haitian Revolt)
The Effects of the Rebellion
In 1804, the leaders of St. Domingue proclaimed that the island was now called the Republic of Haiti, and that slavery was now abolished
The events in St. Domingue changed the opinion that the British had about their West Indian colonies
British plantation owners in the West Indies became extremely frightened, for good reason, that what had happened in St. Domingue could happen in British Colonies