St. Domingue - The Rebellion

By: Cami Jimenez

The St. Domingue Rebellion Connection between Abolitionist Beliefs and the Continuation of American Democracy

Abolitionist values and beliefs influenced the rebellion of St. Domingue greatly. Abolitionists believed that freedom was a right that everyone had, and that led them to hold the rebellion. The rebellion then proved that slaves could fight back and abolish slavery, which gave them confidence. This then contributed to the continuation of American democracy by showing that democracy can be achieved and is worth fighting for.

Background Information on St. Domingue and their Slavery

  • It was a French colony
  • It had the largest amount of slaves in the Caribbean (1/2 million)
  • Slaves there were treated extremely harshly. For example: salt, pepper and even hot ashes were poured onto their bleeding wounds sometimes.

The Reason for Rebellion

  • The main reason for the rebellions was that the French would not grant the free men of color citizenship
  • The free men believed that they, too, were French citizens according to the terms of the Declaration of the Rights of Man, and that therefore, they should have the same rights

The Rebellion

  • Slaves attacked the plantation buildings with hooks, machetes and torches.

  • They also burned and set fire to everything that was connected with the work on the sugar plantations that they hated.

Facts about Toussaint L'Ouverture

  • He originally sided with the French
  • He was known as "the Black Napoleon" by his allies
  • He was a former slave
  • He was the leader of the only successful slave revolt in modern history (the Haitian Revolt)

The Effects of the Rebellion

  • In 1804, the leaders of St. Domingue proclaimed that the island was now called the Republic of Haiti, and that slavery was now abolished

  • The events in St. Domingue changed the opinion that the British had about their West Indian colonies

  • British plantation owners in the West Indies became extremely frightened, for good reason, that what had happened in St. Domingue could happen in British Colonies