Atticus To Kill a Mockingbird Smore
You can't judge a person by the color of their skin, everyone is equal, and you can't punish someone who is innocent.
He defends Tom Robinson. Tom is an African-American male who's accused of raping a white woman. Atticus agreeing to defend Tom in the trials has some of the people baffled because they were racist. Atticus has a strong sense of morality and thinks that everyone is equal.
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Tries to stop townspeople
Atticus tries to stop the townspeople from hurting Tom. He wouldn't step aside.
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“Shoot all the blue jays you want, if you can hit 'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird.”
Atticus is saying that the blue jays are harmless, so there's no point of hurting them. This refers back to the theme saying you shouldn't hurt the innocent.
“You never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them”
Atticus is saying you can't judge someone until you've been in their circumstances or situations.
"You know the truth, and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men."
Atticus is conveying that some people lie and are immoral. He's saying that applies to everyone not just black people. He's saying the color of your skin doesn't determine if your guilty or not.