U.S Coast Guard

The United States Coast Guard..

The History..

After the American Revolutionary War, the U.S Navy was disbanded. By 1789, Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamiliton realized that some kind of naval enforcement agency was needed to make sure tariffs were properly collected. Ten ships with a crew of 10 men each went into service in 1790 as the Revenue Marine Service. Because these cutters were frequently out on patrol when naval accidents occurred, they naturally found themselves in the position to perform search-and-rescue operations. Volunteer organizations that conducted rescue missions later merged with the nascent Coast Guard. Military conflicts in the next few decades lead the Revenue Service to take on port defense tasks. The advent of American fishing around the coast of Alaska created a need for ice breaking and winter rescue capabilities (these remain Coast Guard specialties today). A separate service operated the lighthouses and other navigational aids across the United States until that, too, was merged with the Coast Guard. This growing organization wasn't officially called the Coast Guard until 1915.

How it Works

Although the Coast Guard is ostensibly a defensive and law enforcement organization, Coast Guard recruits receive basic weapons training, and most Coast Guard vessels are armed in some way. When the United States has gone to war, the Coast Guard has gone too, usually after being subsumed into the U.S. Navy. Some of the Coast Guard's most notable wartime service came during Word War II, when numerous Coast Guard cutters provided escorts to the transport convoys traversing the North Atlantic. Refitted with additional guns and depth charges, the cutters' took on a very dangerous duty, watching for German U-boats (submarines). The U-boats hunted the convoys in "wolf packs," and their torpedoes sunk many transport ships, as well as the USCGC Alexander Hamilton, which went down near Reykjavik, Iceland in 1941.


Overview of the United States Coast Guard..

The U.S. Coast Guard is one of the five armed forces of the United States and the only military organization within the Department of Homeland Security. Since 1790 the Coast Guard has safeguarded our Nation's maritime interests and environment around the world. The Coast Guard is an adaptable, responsive military force of maritime professionals whose broad legal authorities, capable assets, geographic diversity and expansive partnerships provide a persistent presence along our rivers, in the ports, littoral regions and on the high seas. Coast Guard presence and impact is local, regional, national and international. These attributes make the Coast Guard a unique instrument of maritime safety, security and environmental stewardship.


Coast Guard's Primary Responsibilities :

  • preventing smuggling of illegal goods or untaxed goods into U.S ports.
  • Making sure shipping companies pay all the appropriate tariffs and taxes on goods they ship into the United States.


QUESTIONS???

In what wars did the Coast Guard serve and what were the Coast Guard’s casualties in each?

  • 81 Coast Guard deaths from other causes, i.e. crashes, accidents, disease or drowning.

  • 1,343 Coast Guard deaths from other causes, i.e. crashes, accidents, disease or drowning.

  • Approximate number of Coast Guardsmen who were eligible for the Korean Service Medal.
Crewmen on board HC-130B CG-1339 & one Coast Guard officer participating in the USCG-USN Exchange Program on board USS Harold E. Holt (FF-1074).

  • There were six personnel from Group Miami LEDET who were stationed aboard the USS Vreeland (FF-1068) which was conducting CN operations when the ship was diverted for Operation Just Cause. Three others were assigned permanently to Panama and were also involved in the conflict. No casualties were incurred.


How many Coast Guard Districts are there and where are they?

  • District 1 (Maine & New Hampshire),
  • District 2 (Massachusetts),
  • District 3 (Rhode Island & Long Island),
  • District 4 (New Jersey),
  • District 5 (Cape Henlopen to Cape Charles),
  • District 6 (Cape Henry to Cape Hatteras),
  • District 7 (eastern Florida),
  • District 8 (Gulf Coast),
  • District 9 (Lake Erie & Lake Ontario),
  • District 10 (Lake Huron & Lake Superior),
  • District 11 (Lake Michigan), and
  • District 12 (Pacific Coast).


Coast Guard in ALABAMA!!!!

Birmingham, Montgomery, Demopolis, Eufaula, Mobile, and Dauphin Island.


Workforce Totals (AL)

  • Military Active - 1028
  • Military Reserve - 174
  • Civilian - 81
  • Auxiliary - 142
  • Active Retired - 933
  • Reserved Retired - 112
  • NAF - 35


Keyleaders of ALABAMA Coast Guard..

Secretary Janet Napolitano
Department of Homeland Security Secretary
Adm. Robert J. Papp Jr.
Coast Guard Commandant, USCG
Vice Adm. John P. Currier
Coast Guard Vice Commandant, USCG
MCPOCG Michael Leavitt
Master Chief of the Coast Guard


More About The U.S Coast Guard..

The U.S. Coast Guard is one of the five armed forces of the United States and the only military organization within the Department of Homeland
Security. Since 1790 the Coast Guard has safeguarded our Nation’s maritime interests and environment around the world. The Coast Guard is an
adaptable, responsive military force of maritime professionals whose broad legal authorities, capable assets, geographic diversity and expansive partnerships
provide a persistent presence along our rivers, in the ports, littoral regions and on the high seas. Coast Guard presence and impact is local, regional, national
and international. These attributes make the Coast Guard a unique instrument of maritime safety, security and environmental stewardship