HIV and AIDS

By Jasmine De Leon and Onyi Ojogwu

What is HIV and AIDS?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • destroys CD4 helper lymphocyte (a defense cell part of the body's immune system)


Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

  • as the HIV destroys the lymphocytes, people with it develop serious infections they normally would not get (making them immune deficient)

How is HIV transmitted?

  • unprotected (not using a condom) oral, vaginal, or anal sexual intercourse
  • sharing of needles used to inject steroids or used in tattooing
  • If you have a STD (sexually transmitted disorder) and have sex with infected partners

What are Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS?

  • rapid weight loss
  • chronic diarrhea
  • heavy sweating at night
  • trouble remembering things
  • frequent fevers that last for several weeks with no explanation

What problems can HIV/AIDS cause?

  1. Girls can get severe yeast infections or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  2. unable to fight infections such as tuberculosis because immune system weakened
  3. Meningitis (infection on surface area of the brain)
  4. Encephalitis (infection in the brain)

How would you prevent getting HIV/AIDS?

  1. abstaining from sexual intercourse (not having vaginal, oral, or anal sex)
  2. always using latex condoms for all types of sexual intercourse
  3. never sharing needles
  4. avoiding contact with the bodily fluids through which HIV is transmitted

How do you treat HIV/AIDS?

There is no cure for HIV/AIDS.

  • medicines can resist infections, and slowing the process of HIV/AIDS, and prolong a persons life but cannot stop the disease
  • currently, there is a vaccine being developed by researchers for a cure