Mining and Fracking

Constance Black, Gabe Biddlecom, Riley Nelson

Surface Mining Types

  1. Strip
  2. Open Pit
  3. Mountain Top Removal

Subsurface Mining Types

  1. Slope
  2. Drift
  3. Shaft


Fracking is the injection of high pressured water into the Earth to extract rocks and minerals.

Effects include

  1. Contamination of groundwater
  2. Methane pollution and its impact on climate change
  3. Air pollution impacts
  4. Exposure to toxic chemicals
  5. Blowouts due to gas explosion
  6. Waste disposal