The Muses

Inspiring people since the early ages

The Muses, or otherwise known as Mountain Goddesses are supernatural nymphs that entertained the Gods and Goddesses. "They were inspirers of the liberal and fine arts and presided over song, dance, music poetry and the sciences"(Alchin). They both punished and rewarded mortals. Poets and other types of artists called on them for inspiration. The Muses sit near the throne of Zeus and sing of his greatness. Apollo is considered their leader since he raised them after their mother handed them over to him. They are considered the inspiration for many famous works.

Appearance

Usually presented as "ethereal woman with divine beauty."

Accomplishments

"According to the Greek Mythology, two Muses invented theory and practice in learning, three Muses invented the musical vibrations in Lyre, four Muses invented the four known dialects in the language – Attica, Ionian, Aeolian and Dorian – and five muses the five human senses. Seven muses invented the seven chords of the lyre, the seven celestial zones, the seven planets and the seven vocals of the Greek Alphabet" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).
They sang at the wedding of Cadmus and Harmonia, the wedding of Peleus, and Thetis, and at the funeral of Achilles.

History

Zeus disguised himself as a shepherd and slept with Mnemosyne nine consecutive nights, creating the nine muses (WSU). They were born at the foot of Mount Olympus in Pieria.

Meet the Muses...

Calliope

"The Fair-Voiced"
Muse of Epic Poetry
Attribute- Writing Tablet
Calliope is the eldest of all the Muses. "She is also the mother of Orpheus by Apollo" (Mercatante).
"Calliope was the superior Muse. She was accompanying kings and princes in order to impose justice and serenity. She was the protector of heroic poems and rhetoric art" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Clio

"The Proclaimer"
Muse of History
Attribute- Laurel and Scroll
"The Muse Clio discovered history and guitar. History was named Clio in the ancient years, because it refers to “kleos” the Greek word for the heroic acts. Clio was always represented with a clarion in the right arm and a book in the left hand" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Erato

"The Lovely"
Muse of Lyric Poetry, Love Poetry, and Marriage Songs
Attribute- Lyre
"Muse Erato was the protector of Love and Love Poetry – as well as wedding. Her name comes from the Greek word “Eros” that refers to the feeling of falling in love. She was depicted holding a lyre and love arrows and bows" (The Nine Muses of Greek Mythology).

Euterpe

"Giver of Pleasure"
Muse of Music and Lyric Poetry
Attribute- Flute
"Muse Euterpe discovered several musical instruments, courses and dialectic. She was always depicted holding a flute, while many instruments were always around her" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Melpomene

"The Songstress"
Muse of Tragedy
Attribute- Tragic Mask
"Opposite from Thalia, Muse Melpomene was the protector of Tragedy; she invented tragedy, rhetoric speech and Melos" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Polyhymnia

"She of Many Hymns"
Muse of Sacred Song: Oratory, Lyric, Singing, Rhetoric
Attribute- Veil
"Muse Polymnia was the protector of the divine hymns and mimic art; she invented geometry and grammar. She was depicted looking up to the Sky, holding a lyre" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Terpsichore

"The Whirler"
Muse of Dancing
Attribute- Crown of Laurel or a Musical Instrument
"Terpsichore was the protector of dance; she invented dances, the harp and education. She was called Terpsichore because she was enjoying and having fun with dancing ( “Terpo” in Greek refers to be amused). She was depicted wearing laurels on her head, holding a harp and dancing" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Thalia

"The Flourishing"
Muse of Comedy
Attribute- Comic Mask, Theatre Sock
"Muse Thalia was the protector of comedy; she discovered comedy, geometry, architectural science and agriculture. She was also protector of Symposiums" (The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Urania

"The Heavenly"
Muse of Astronomy
Attribute- Glove and Compass
"Mother of Linus by Apollo and Hymenaeus by Dionysus" (Mercatante).
"Muse Urania was the protector of the celestial objects and stars; she invented astronomy. She was always depicted bearing stars, a celestial sphere and a bow compass" (The NIne Muses of the Greek Mythology).

Involvement in the Odyssey

The Muses were said to have inspired Homer to create this Epic.
"According to the myth, Homer asks from Calliope to inspire him while writing Iliad and Odyssey, and, thus, Calliope is depicted holding laurels in one hand and the two Homeric poems in the other hand" (The NIne Muses of the Greek Mythology)

Works Cited

Alchin, Linda. "The Muses." The Nine Muses ***. Siteseen Ltd, June 2014. Web. 06 Nov. 2014.

"The Baseball Muse - Magical Realism Screenplays." Magical Realism Screenplays. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

Celeste. "SilkmousetheNeko (Celeste) on DeviantART." SilkmousetheNeko (Celeste) on DeviantART. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

D., Melanie. "Sorakh28 (Melanie D.) on DeviantART." Sorakh28 (Melanie D.) on DeviantART. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

Mercatante, Anthony S., and James R. Dow. The Facts on File Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend. New York: Facts on File, 2004. Print.

Michael. "Michael Mosaics." Michael Mosaics. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

"Muse." Muse. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

"Muses." Muses. Washinton State University, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2014.

"Muses." UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology. Vol. 4. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 722-725. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 5 Nov. 2014.

"Saturday, October 27th 2012: Gang Signs / Tournament / Party Pigs / Mount Olympus / Silicone Sisters." THE GRAND VICTORY. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

"The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology." Greek Myths Greek Mythology. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

"ZEUS LOVERS." Monicrespo3. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2014.