第十课

方言

Introduction

If you travel to different parts of China, you will hear many different Chinese dialects. A Chinese dialect is a regional variety of the language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary. It is a variety of speech that is different from the standard language of the culture. There are so many dialects in China, it is hard to say how many. These dialects can be put into about seven big groups. One is Mandarin and another is Cantonese. Most Chinese can understand Mandarin because it has been the official national language since 1913. Mandarin is primarily based on the Beijing dialect.

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Mandarin & Dialects

Language in China is very diverse, however Mandarin Chinese is promoted so that all people in China can communicate with one standard language and one written system. When you travel to China, you cannot expect all people to speak Mandarin to you all the time. Some do not even know Mandarin. In fact, many elderly people may not speak Mandarin. Some who do speak Mandarin may have a very heavy accent.

Chinese is a linguistically diverse language. People speak Chinese with varying accents. Because of heavy accents, it can be difficult to communicate if people come from different regions. This phenomenon of the Chinese language is called dialects.

Each dialect has its own phonetic system. Some have their own expressions. There are people from different dialectical regions who cannot understand each other. For example, People from Guangdong area speak Cantonese (a major dialect in the south.) People from Shanghai area speak Shanghainese. These two dialects are very different. People who speak these two dialects can only understand each other with Mandarin Chinese. China promotes Mandarin so that all people in China can communicate with one standard language and one written system.


Watch the video and practice speaking with it.


Go through this lesson today and plan your own study.

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Assignment 10.1 Lesson Review Worksheet

Please download the worksheet and work on it while you're moving along this lesson


Assignment 10.2 Speaking Assignment

Please read to your coach both the vocabulary list and video text during your coaching sessions


Lesson 10 Quiz

Take the quiz at the end of this lesson

Please Note:

1. All assignments are due on Tuesday 1/10


2. Please submit your assignments to designated places to receive points


3. Never email your assignments to Mrs. Chen

Pacing Guide

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LATE ASSIGNMENT POLICIES

Within a week -- 80% of the points at most

Beyond a week -- 70% of the points at most


Make up works are always accepted



All pictures are from Google images