Government

Lingyao Dong

Baron de Charles Montesquieu

Montesquieu was one of the great political philosophers of the Enlightenment. His famous work the "spirit of the laws", published in 1748, investigation of the environmental and social relationship the lie behind the laws of civilized society. Montesquieu wrote that the main purpose of government is to maintain law and order, political liberty, and the property of the individual.

How it's relates to America

The spirit of the Law was separate and balancing of the power of government in England. Montesquieu viewed the English king as exercising executive power balanced by the law-making Parliament, which was itself divided into the House of Lords and the House of Commons, each checking the other. Then Montesquieu concluded that the best form of government was one in which the legislative, executive, and judicial powers were separate and kept each other in check to prevent any branch from becoming too powerful. American later adopted it as the foundation of the U.S. Constitutions.

Citations

"Montesquieu." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 23 Sept. 2015.


"Montesquieu". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 25 Sep. 2015


Dégert, Antoine. "Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 25 Sept. 2015