chapter 8 section 1
Created by Marcella, Keisha, Hunter
Royal Power Grows
"As medieval monarchs struggled to exert royal authority over nobles and churchmen, they slowly built the framework for the European nation-states of today. Nation-states are regions share a government and are independent of other states. Each of these nations developed differently, and monarchs success in establishing power could have consequences for centuries." pg.244
Monarchs, Nobles, and the Church
The church and the nobles had as much power over the church. The church and nobles had their own courts, collected their own taxes, and had their own armies. Monarchs used various mean to centralizes power. Towns people intern supported royal rulers, who could impose the peace and unity that were needed for trade.
The Magna Carta
- Magna Carta, also called Magna Carta Libertatum, is a charter issued by King John of England at Runnymede, near Widsor, on 15 June 1215. First drafted by the Archbisop of Canterbury to make peace between the unpopular King and a group of rebel barons, it promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons. Neither side stood behind their commitments, and the charter was annulled by Pope Innocent 3, leading to the First Baron's War. After John's death, the regency government of his young son, Henry the 3rd, reissued the document in 1216, stripped of some of its more radical content, in an unsuccessful bid to build political support for their cause.
The Development of Parliament
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the kingdom of England. In 1066, William of Normandy introduced a feudal system, by which he sought the advice of a council of tenants in chief (a person who held land) and ecclesiastics before making laws. In 1215, the tenants-in-chief secured Magna Carta from King John, which established that the king may not levy or collect any taxes (except the feudal taxes to which they were hitherto accustomed), save with the consent of his royal council, which gradually developed into a parliament.