Taj Mahal

By : Cole Krautkramer

Year of Construction - 1631

Completed In - 1653

Time Taken - 22 years

Built By - Shah Jahan

Dedicated To - Mumtaz Mahal, 3rd wife of Shah Jahan

Building Type - Islamic Tomb

Architecture - Mughal ( Combination of Persian, Islamic and Indian architecture style )

Architect - Ustad Ahmad Lahauri

Cost of Construction - 32 crore rupees

Number of Workers - 20,000 people and 1,000 elephants ( used to transport construction materials )

Highlights - One of the 7 Wonders of the World

Meaning - " Crown of Palaces "



Location

Hemisphere - North Eastern

Continent - Asia

Relative Location - Located near the Yamuna River in Agra

Location - Agra ( Uttar Peadesh ), India

Touring

Timings - Sunrising to Sunset ( Except on Fridays because the Taj Mahal has a mosque in it's premises so only people going in for customary prayers are permitted )

Fee -

Rs 750 ( Foreign Tourists )

Rs 510 ( CItizens of SAARC & BIMSTEC Countries

Rs 20 ( Domestic Indian Tourists )

No entry fee for children under the age of 15 ( Domestic of Foreign )

Tourists - Over 200,000 from over seas and 2 - 4 million people visit the Taj Mahal every year.


Building

Construction - The Taj Mahal was built in 22 years ( 1631 - 1653 ) with the orders of Shah Jahan and it was dedicated to his 3rd wife Mumtaz Mahal. 20,000 workers labored and 1,000 elephants employed to transport construction materials. 32 crore rupees were spent during the construction of the monument and it was built according to Islamic architecture.


Rumor - It was rumored that Shah Jahan had the hands cut off from the people who worked on the Taj Mahal once it was completed. His reasoning was that nobody would ever be able to build such a beautiful building ever again. Nobody has been able to prove that this story is true.

Stages - The Taj Mahal was built in stages, with the plinth and tomb taking up roughly 15 years. Building of minarets, mosque, jawab, and gateway took an additional 5 years to be completed.

Height - The full height of the Taj Mahal is 171 meters ( 561 feet ) high

Inside

4 Pillars - The 4 pillars around the main dome were built to slant away from the dome slightly. This was done to help protect the tomb if the pillars ever collapsed.

Stones - There where about 28 different types of precious and semi - precious stones inlaid into the burial tomb of the Taj Mahal. During the Indian Rebellion in 1857, many of the precious stones were stripped from the walls of the tomb.

Extra - The Taj Mahal also has additional mausoleums, a mosque, a reflecting pool, and large garden to add to it's beauty.

Tombs - The Taj Mahal is perfectly semetrical in every way except for one thing. The 2 tombs inside are not equal in size. This is because the male tomb i has to be larger than the female tomb.

Colors - The Taj Mahal appears to change colors throughout the day. Like…

In the morning it appears to be - Pink

In the daytime it appears to be - White

In the nighttime it appears to be - Golden

Marbles - Many types of marbles were used in the construction of the Taj Mahal and they were bought over from many different states and countries including…

Afghanistan

Arabia

China

Sri Lanka


Bibliography


"Taj Mahal Facts." - Facts on Taj Mahal India. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.

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"Taj Mahal Facts for Kids - Interesting Information about the Taj Mahal in India." Taj Mahal Facts for Kids - Interesting Information about the Taj Mahal in India. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.

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"Taj Mahal Facts." Taj Mahal Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.

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"Taj Mahal." India. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.

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"The Taj Mahal, India." The Taj Mahal, India. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.

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"Taj Mahal." Taj Mahal. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.

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"Smithsonian.com." Smithsonian Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2013.