Constitutional Convention

By Kris Hatfield

Constitutional convention

Took place over the summer of 1787. The states came together in the fall of 1786, to possibly come together and discuss the possibility of changing the Articles of Confederation or just find ways to improve upon it. During the convention the framers of the constitution came with the idea that there needs to be three branches of the government, the legislative the executive, and the judicial. The's branches would check each other. However they imagined that the executive branch to be a weak position, they felt like it should be left up to the legislative branch to handle the creation and reification of laws. they also called for a two part legislation or a bicameral system, that would be formally know as the house, and the senate. However by the end of the convention the executive branch would be given more power, but still had to give up some of its power.

Virginia Plan

The Virginia plan was formed by James Madison. He proposed that there be a stronger national government. He said that there should be three branches of the government, a legislative, judicial, and a executive branch. All of thees branches would of had the power to check each branch. If you didn't catch it our government today has this system, where all three branches can check each other and make sure that on is not becoming to powerful. However he wanted the national government to have more power than what it had. he wanted the government to be able to set taxes, make laws, create a source of currency, and have the power to over ride the states.

This plan was best fitted for the larger states. The plan called for a bicameral legislature, with the member coming from the states population. If the state had a bigger population then they were going to have more representatives at the meetings and in the legislature.

James Madison

Was one the many framers of the new constitution and also was apart of the congress. He is well know for the writing of the Federlist papers and also the Virginia constitution, while also help with the bill of rights while he was in congress.

Edmund Randolph,

Practiced law, was Virginia attorney -General, and governor, and was also apart of the continental congress. he also presented the Virginia plan.

New Jersey Plan

The new Jersey plan was created in the fear that the smaller states would not be represented equally, and that the larger states will be given to much power. This plan wanted a strong central government made up the three branches as well. However, they wanted the plan to stay loyal to the Articles of Confederation. The plan called for an unicameral legislature, which is the practice of only having one legislative party or chamber to discus the nations issues, and to vote on new bills or ways to resolve conflict in the nation. This however only works in smaller countries, which at the time America was a small country, this never less would struggle today in our modern day government. This plan also benefited the smaller states, giving each state only one vote regardless of the states population. Even with the support of the smaller states the plan was ultimately rejected at the convention, However with compromise there were some things from the plan that were ultimately put in to the new goverment.

William Paterson

Was the creater of the New Jersey plan. He is a man of law and served in the senate for two years. He was also the govener of his state. after that he served on the supreme court until his death in 1806.

John Lansing Jr

Lansing was a man of law whom had is own law firm. He was part of New York assembly where of which he served six terms. In the middle of his six terms he was a part of the confederation congress. He would leave the convention under the idea that no form of goverment would work. He would later sit on New York supreme court. and would also be the chief justice.

Problems of the convention

Problems that came about during the convention were that not every state sent in delegates to Pennsylvania to discus the thing at hand. When the New jersey plan was denied there was a period of gridlock and frustration that came about. To end this the great compromise came up that took thing from both the New Jersey plan and also the Virginia plan. Another problem was on the president, there were debates on wether or not the president should be elected by the people or by the house in the end the people would win.

Citations

"William Paterson." Sea of Liberty. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

"A Biography of John Lansing Jr. 1754-1829." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

"A Biography of William Paterson 1745-1806." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

"James Madison." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

"New Jersey Plan." Study.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

Linder, Professor Douglas O. "The Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia." The Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.

"Milestones: 1784–1800 - Office of the Historian." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.