In an emergency call triple zero (000) for an ambulance

D Danger

Ensure the area is safe for yourself,others and the patient.

R Response

Check for response - ask name - squeeze shoulders

No response Response

Send for help make comfortable

check for injuries

monitor response

S Send for help

Call triple zero(000) for an ambulance or ask another person to make the call.

A Airway

Open mouth - if foreign material is present:

place patient in recovery position

clear airway with fingers

Open airway by tilting head with chin lift

B Breathing

Check for breathing - look, listen and feel.

Not normal breathing Normal breathing

Start CPR place in recovery position

monitor breathing

manage injuries

treat for shock


Start CPR - 30 chest compressions: 2 breaths

Continue CPR until help arrives or patient recovers.

D Defibrillation

Apply defibrillator if available and follow voice prompts.

D Defibrillation


A person chokes when the airway is partly or totally blocked. Infants and small children love to put things in their mouths. Both toys and food may be responsible. Peanuts and hard sweets are especially dangerous for children under five.

If the casualty is an adult or child over 1 year of age and conscious, encourage them to relax and breath deeply and cough to remove object.

If coughing dosent remove the blockage call 000 for an ambulance.

If unsuccessful, bend casualty well forward and give up to 5 sharp blows between the shoulder blades. Check to see if the obstruction has been relieved after each back blow.