Ageing Theories

Disengagement Theory and Activity Theory

Activity Theory

Robert Havinghurst - 1960's

The activity theory suggests that elderly people need to stay mentally and socially active. This is believed to aid in limiting the risks associated with disengagement, such as feelings of sadness and depression.

Disengagement Theory

Cummings & Henry - Late 1950's

The disengagement theory says that ageing is an inevitable mutual withdrawal. Elderly people withdraw from activities and engagements with others. This is a completely normal and expected reaction from ageing.