Islam Issues

By: Sidney Craig and Kylee Hinz

Origins

Islamic geography was primarily of the Greek and Roman scholarship which had been lost in Christian Europe. There were some additions to the collective knowledge by their geographers.


Founder

Muhammad was born in Arabia in the town of Makkah in the year 570. His mother’s name was Amina, and his father died before his birth. When he turned six his mother died. As a young man, Muhammad worked as a camel driver between Syria and Arabia.


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Is this religion monotheistic or polytheistic?

The religion is monotheistic.


Amongst the world's religions, what rank is Islam?

In the top 10 scale, Islam is ranked #2.


Who is Allah?

Allah is a Arabic word for God. And there is only one god.

Who is Muhammed and what relationship does he have with Allah?

Muhammed was Allahs messenger.


What is the Holy Book?

The Holy Book of Islam is called the Quran. It is considered the words of God. It is divided into 144 Suras.
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What does Islam teach about Allah's relationship with man?

That the man worships, praises, cherishes him.


Explain the Five Pillars of Islam in detail.

1) Testimony of Faith - saying with conviction “There is no true God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God.” The first part means only God is to be worshiped.

2) Prayer - Islams have five prayers a day. Prayers are performed at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night.

3) Giving Zakat - All things belong to God.

4) Fasting the Month of Ramadan - Every year in a month all Muslims fast from dawn until sundown.

5) The Pilgrimage to Makkah - An obligation once in a lifetime for those who can perform it. At the end there is a festival.


Diffusion: How did the religion spread?

The religion spreaded through its simplicity, and a lot of land was under Muslim rule forcing the religion with the conquered lands.


Comparing and Contrasting:

Islam to Christianity:

Christianity and Islam are the two largest religions in the world and they have many points of contact. Both inherited from Judaism a belief in one God who created the world and cares about the behavior and beliefs of human beings. Place founded for Islam was Palestine and the place founded for christianity was Arabian Peninsula. The original languages for Islam is Aramaic and Greek and for Christianity is Arabic.


Islam to Judaism:

The founder for Islam was Mohammed, and the founder for Judaism was Abraham. Some traditions for Islam they do are The Hadith, a collection of traditions/sayings of the Prophet Mohammed. Some traditions for Judaism’s are The Talmud, an oral tradition explaining and interpreting the Tanakh. It includes the Mishnah - which is a code of Jewish law. Judaism is based on the unique historical event of a divine revelation experienced by the entire nation. Islam, accepts the Jewish Bible and is based largely upon Jewish ideas and traditions.


Islam to Hinduism:

In Hinduism, people believe in one supreme god - Brahman and different manifestations of Brahman. Hinduism has a range of Gods and Goddesses. In Islam, people believe in and worship God. Hinduism includes karma and reincarnation while Islam believes in salvation and an afterlife.


Islam to Confucianism:

Confucianism is a Chinese philosophical system made from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. Both believe in One God, however, Confucianism's view of God, but Islam believes that God Revealed Himself to humanity. The theism of Islam is monotheistic and the the theism of Confucianism is pantheistic. They both believed in the afterlife.


Islam to Taoism:

Islam is monotheistic, and believes in a transcendent God. Taoism is not monotheistic and it believes in a variety of spirits. Islam has a central, authoritative text and law.Taoism has a variety of sacred texts but there is no decisive authority among them. The teachings of Islam are more likely to be experienced as specific and binding laws for behavior. Taoism is more likely to be experienced in tradition.