Judaism

By Abby Bagepally, Period 8

All about Judaism

The word god in Judaism is Adonai. Followers of Judaism are called Jews the reason they are called Jews is because the word Jew originated from the name of people who were from the ancient kingdom of Judea (currently Israel). This religion is Monotheistic. The common holy site is Jerusalem and specifically the first holy Jewish temple is located there. The holy book is Torah its their bible. Sabbath is nightfall on Friday till sunset on Saturday. The role of Torah is that Torah laws direct many aspects in Judaism. Their place of worship is a Synagogue where they worship the god of Abraham. The worship leader at a Synagogue is a rabbi. The three most important sects are Orthodox, Conservative, and Reformed. Kosher is a tradition where Jews only eat kosher foods these do not include pork, shellfish, and are not allowed to have meat and dairy together, etc. Another tradition is a Bar/Bat Mitzvah it is where Jewish boys (age 13) and Jewish girls (age 12) can become adults in the eyes of the Jewish religion. Rosh Hashanah is a two-day celebration, which begins on the first day of Tishrei. Tishrei is the first month of the Jewish civil year, but the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year. Jewish people traditionally observe this holy day with an approximate 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services. Passover is a spring festival which during the existence of the Jerusalem temple was connected to the offering of the "first-fruits of the barley", barley being the first grain to ripen and to be harvested in the land of Israel. Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday commemorating the re dedication of the Holy Temple.