By: Collin Hill
Description of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
How does Mycobacterium tuberculosis spread
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is carried in airborne particles, called droplet nuclei, of 1– 5 microns in diameter. Infectious droplet nuclei are generated when persons who have pulmonary or laryngeal TB disease cough, sneeze, shout, or sing. TB is spread from person to person through the air.
Where is it most likely to be found
While M. tuberculosis is a non-spore forming bacterium, this organism can survive for weeks in dust, on carpet or clothes, or in animal carcasses and for months in sputum.
What type of people commonly get this disease
What is the most affective "weapon" against mycobacterium tuberculosis
The TB vaccine called Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) was first developed in the 1920s. It is one of the most widely used of all current vaccines, and it reaches more than 80% of all new born children and infants in countries where it is part of the national childhood immunization programme.1 However, it is also one of the most variable vaccines in routine use.