Kellie Archer

Kansas nickname

The Wheat State

Kansas State Capital

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State symbols

Early Kansas History

Kansas was the home of Indian tribes who hunted buffalo. The area was explored by the Spanish and later by the French. Most of Kansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase. The area was opened to settlement by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Settlers from North and South came during the Civil War to vote on slavery.

After the war, Kansas was home to towns that were destinations for cattle drives from Texas. Railroads brought many immigrants. Farmers first tried to copy immigrant traditions and grow corn and raise pigs. This failed because there wasn't enough rain. Soft spring wheat and hard winter wheat were planted with success. Since 1945 the farming industry has declined and manufacturing has increased.

Native Americans

The area that would become Kansas was set aside as Indian Territory by the U.S. government, and was closed to settlement by whites. The government resettled these Native American tribes based to Kansas: the Kansa and Osage, Missouri Shawano, Delaware, Ottawa, Kickapoos, Piankjjeshaw and Wea, Kaskaskia, Peoria, Otoe, Sac and Fox, Pottawatomi, and Wayndots.


Kansas became the 34th state admitted to the Union on January 29, 1861.

Kansas Agriculture

Kansas is an important agricultural state. Kansas' top five agricultural products are cattle and calves, wheat, corn for grain, soybeans, and hogs.

Famous People from Kansas

Kansas was home to President Dwight Eisenhower, aviator Amelia Earhart and football player (and Heisman Trophy winner from Oklahoma State University) Barry Sanders.