By Savanna Acree
Vitals of Deserts
Plant and Animal Life
Deserts are the home of many plants and animals. Someof the plants are: the barrel cactus, the brittle bush, the triangle- leaf bursage, saguro cactus, octotillo, mojave aster, jumping cholla, palo verde, joshua tree, pancake prickly pear cactus, desert ironwood, chainfruit cholla, soaptree yucca, creosote bush, and the crimson hedgehog cactus. There are also many animals that call a desert their home. These include: the armadillo lizard, bobcat, cactus wren, javelina, thorny devil, sonoran desert toad, deseert tortise, coyote, and the cactus ferruginoug pygmy owl. These animals adapt to changes in their environment by finding many different sources of food, water and shelter in case one of them becomes unavailable or extinct. Many species compete to survive. A few examples are: different insects competing for plants, or a snake and a hawk competing for a desert rat. A lot of preditation goes on in deserts as well. Some examples of these are: a lizard hunting a butterfly, a snake hunting a rat, a scorpion hunting a beetle, and a hawk hunting a snake.
Desert Climate and Rainfall
Deserts have ayear round average temperature over 64° F (18° C). The average rainfall is approximately 1 in. (.25 cm) of rain in dry deserts per year. This weather is year round.
- During the day, deserts are very hot, but at night they can actually get very cold
- The Sahara Desert is the largest desert, it covers 300 square miles!
- Many animals that live in deserts are nocturnal
- Dust storms are common in deserts, reaching up to 100 miles per hour!