Social & Emotional Development

Signs of Socio-emotional Growth

* High social endeavor

* Trust vs. Mistrust

* Learn to develop trust with caregivers

* Needs meet= trust with caregiver (If their diaper is dirty and you change it, they trust you and depend on you to change their diaper from now on

* When they cry, they learn that they need to be comforted

* Caregiver helps settle down and comfort the baby

* Caregiver helps when hungry, in pain, or uncomfortable

Special Needs

* Born with genetic disorders

* Some genetic disorders are Alcohol Syndrome and Down Syndrome

* In development of infancy, challenged hearing is not noticed until several months later

Relationship with Caregivers and Family

* Attachment- when the child bonds with the caregiver; this relationship makes the caregiver want to nurture and care for the infant

* Definition of attachment: the emotional connection between the child and caregiver

* The infant has a preference for the care-giver or parents over others

* Stranger anxiety- Infants want to be close in proximity and are troubled when he or she is not. They become anxious when strangers approach. At about 9 to 12 months of age, the distress of being left with a stranger peaks. This is considered an important developmental milestone.

* Separation anxiety- when an infant's caregiver or parent leaves them in the care of a stranger.

*Signs of separation anxiety: crying, screaming and whining.

* Unoccupied play happens when a baby observes and focuses on an object or activity.

* Solitary play happens when an infant plays along.

Emotions and Temperament

* During infancy, emotions are imitated as babies learn how to express their emotions through observing others react.

* Pleasure or disgust showed at early birth

* Anger, wariness, and delight develop through months

* Shyness, fear, and anxiety develop last

* Temperament is the individual differences in the way people interact

* A baby's temperament affects how caregivers respond, especially if it is different than their own

* The caregiver will respond positively or negatively

* Environment will shape and mold their temperament, but their approach to the world stays the same


Activities to Support Your Baby's Social and Emotional Development." N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2014.

Kato, Sharleen L. Lifespan Development. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

"SUPPORT US." ZERO TO THREE: Q & A on Temperament. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2014