Infancy

Social & Emotional Development

Signs of Socio-emotional Growth

* High social endeavor

* Trust vs. Mistrust

* Learn to develop trust with caregivers

* Needs meet= trust with caregiver (If their diaper is dirty and you change it, they trust you and depend on you to change their diaper from now on

* When they cry, they learn that they need to be comforted

* Caregiver helps settle down and comfort the baby

* Caregiver helps when hungry, in pain, or uncomfortable

Special Needs

* Born with genetic disorders

* Some genetic disorders are Alcohol Syndrome and Down Syndrome

* In development of infancy, challenged hearing is not noticed until several months later

Relationship with Caregivers and Family

* Attachment- when the child bonds with the caregiver; this relationship makes the caregiver want to nurture and care for the infant

* Definition of attachment: the emotional connection between the child and caregiver

* The infant has a preference for the care-giver or parents over others

* Stranger anxiety- Infants want to be close in proximity and are troubled when he or she is not. They become anxious when strangers approach. At about 9 to 12 months of age, the distress of being left with a stranger peaks. This is considered an important developmental milestone.

* Separation anxiety- when an infant's caregiver or parent leaves them in the care of a stranger.

*Signs of separation anxiety: crying, screaming and whining.

* Unoccupied play happens when a baby observes and focuses on an object or activity.

* Solitary play happens when an infant plays along.

Emotions and Temperament

* During infancy, emotions are imitated as babies learn how to express their emotions through observing others react.

* Pleasure or disgust showed at early birth

* Anger, wariness, and delight develop through months

* Shyness, fear, and anxiety develop last

* Temperament is the individual differences in the way people interact

* A baby's temperament affects how caregivers respond, especially if it is different than their own

* The caregiver will respond positively or negatively

* Environment will shape and mold their temperament, but their approach to the world stays the same

Sources

http://similac.com/baby-development/bonding-and-development/baby-activities/emotional-development

http://www.zerotothree.org/child-development/temperament-behavior/q-a-temperament.html

http://www.op-cc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/baby-girl-Medium-908x1024.jpg

Activities to Support Your Baby's Social and Emotional Development." Similac.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2014.

Kato, Sharleen L. Lifespan Development. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

"SUPPORT US." ZERO TO THREE: Q & A on Temperament. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2014