Figure Skating

By: Emma Hale

Introduction

In this book you will learn all about figure skating. All those twists and turn, dancing etc. How do they do it? Read this informational page to find out.

How is figure skating played?

Figure skating is played by all those spins, twists, turns,dancing, and jumping. Figure skating by if you fall then you get points deducted if you do everything right perfect then you get points added. You always have to remember that your only in air half a second. when your getting ready to do a spin, jump etc you have to push off the ice with your feet.

Figure Skating Eqipment.

Figure skaters always have to have ice skates. They will also need teeth cut into the toe of the ice skates, so the ice skater can push off of the ice when there the skater is doing twists and turns. Skating boots are originally boots you would wear shopping. Skaters also prefer different types of heels. Some ice skates have hollow blades which means the blade has a groove down the center which is hollow. skates have thick leather interior and ankle braces. Skates are made with wide tongues with rubber or sponge padding for flexibility. The blade has a slight curve.

History

The first figure skating in the Olympics was in 1908. Ice dancing was introduced in the Olympics in 1976. People made first ice skates by using animal bones. In 1250 people made blades from iron. In the 1400's people discovered steel blades were easier and lighter to use, people still use them today. In the 1700's people drew shapes on ice and they started calling them figures, and that's when figure skating got its name.

Science of figure skating

The law of angular momentum as the Olympic figure skater pulls in her arms which makes her go faster. Friction of figure skating is very little resistance against ice skates being dragged across its surface. Low friction allows the skaters to glide across the ice without stopping the motion. Newtons first law of motion- A object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted on by another force, also known as inertia. newtons second law of motion- mass x acceleration which translates to this: the more mass an object has the more you will have to push it. The harder you push an object the farther the object will go. Newtons third law of motion- when you push on an object it pushes back, and is often referred to as action and reaction. Momentum- Angular momentum applies to a skater rotating around a fixed object. Depends on the speed of rotation. When skaters push off the ice with their skates they are applying down and back against the ground.