Type 2 Diabetes

By: Jake Kachurka

Basic Background of Type 2 Diabetes

You have been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes because, your insulin receptors don't recognize the insulin that your pancreas release into the bloodstream, resulting in a build up of glucose in your bloodstream. In English that means you aren't getting the energy needed from the sugars in your food.

When untreated, blood sugar levels will rise and you will have symptoms of:
-Frequent urination
-Fatigue
-Weight loss
-Thirst
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Diet

Since you need to keep you blood sugar levels at a stable level, your diet should keep away from foods with a lot of carbohydrates, which is where the glucose in your blood comes from. Some examples of high carbohydrate foods are:
-Cereal
-Dried Fruit
-Crackers
-Jam
-Bread Products
-Potato Products (French Fries, Mashed Potatoes)

This doesn't mean that you can't eat anything with carbohydrates in it because, the goal with a healthy diet with diabetes is to keep blood sugar levels average. Not too high or too low, so if you don't eat enough carbs, you run the risk of hypoglycemia (Low blood sugar), which can lead to seizures, passing out, rapid heart rate, blurred vision, and hunger.

Here is a list of the best and worst foods that you can eat with your diabetes.

Carbs:
Best:
-Whole grains
-Baked potato
-Corn products

Worst:
-Anything with white flour
-Processed grains
-French Fries

Vegetables:
Best:
-Fresh vegetables
-Frozen vegetables
-Sow sodium/lightly salted canned vegetables
-Lettuce, Kale, Spinach

Worst:
-Canned vegetables with added sodium
-Vegetables cooked with added cheese, butter, or sauce
-Pickles

Fruits:
Best:
-Frozen or canned fruit in fruit juice
-Fresh fruit
-Sugar-free jam/preserves
-No-sugar added applesauce
-100% fruit juice

Worst:
-Canned fruit with heavy sugar syrup
-Chewy fruit rolls
-Jam/Jelly
-Sweetened applesauce
-Fruit punch

Protein:
Best:
-Baked, broiled, grilled, or stewed meats
-Lower fat cuts of meat
-Turkey bacon
-Low-fat cheese
-Beans
-Eggs
-Nuts

Worst:
-Fried meats
-Higher fat cuts of meat
-Pork bacon
-Regular cheese
-Beans with lard

Dairy:
Best:
-1%/Skim milk
-Low fat yogurt
-Nonfat half and half

Worst:
-Whole milk
-Regular yogurt
-Regular half and half

Fats, Oils, and Sweets:
Best:
-Baked snacks
-Vegetable oil, margarine
-Reduced-fat mayonnaise
-Air popped/calorie controlled popcorn

Worst:
-Snacks fried in fat
-Butter
-Regular mayonnaise
-Butter flavored popcorn

Beverages:
Best:
-Water
-Unsweetened tea
-Sports drinks

Worst:
-Soda
-Sweetened tea
-Energy drinks

Blood Sugar Monitoring

You should monitor your blood sugar level because, it can help you understand how stress, diet, exercise, and illness affect your blood sugar levels. It can also help by giving you a warning if the blood sugar level is dangerously high or low. You should test your blood sugar level before meals, after fasting eight hours, and after meals.
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Exercise and Staying Fit

As a diabetic, you need to exercise frequently so that you get rid of the extra glucose in your blood. The glucose will be used up for energy by working out and some of it will be releases through sweat. Exercise is a great way to keep you blood sugar level down and stay healthy.

Lifestyle Choices

With Type 2 Diabetes, you can still do the things that you love, but with some complications. If you play sports, then you need to take insulin before working out. Other than the couple minutes it takes to check your blood sugar level and make healthy choices, your life will stay relatively the same as before.

Professionals that can Help You

Nutritionist: A nutritionist can help you make healthy food choices based on your weigh, lifestyle, medication, and other factors. Seeing your nutritionist whenever one of these factors changes will help keep your blood sugar levels perfect.

Psychologist: Being diagnosed with diabetes can be a big burden, and sometimes you aren't emotionally ready for something like that big. That's why a psychologist would be somebody good to see and talk to.

Endocrinologist: An endocrinologist is a doctor that is specialized in treating hormonal diseases like diabetes. You should see your endocrinologist regularly to see if anything different happens to your diabetes.

Citations

References

Diabetes Type 2: MedlinePlus. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetestype2.html

Exercising With Type 2 Diabetes: Benefits & Guidelines. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/exercise-guidelines

Type 2 diabetes Definition - Diseases and Conditions - Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/basics/definition/con-20031902

Type 2 Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/