Social-Emotional Development

Birth-2 year (Abbie Ellison)


  • Strong emotional connection
  • Mainly attached to people who care for the baby
  • may smile when approached by caregiver
  • Cooing, kicking, and gurling are examples
  • Separation anxiety may occur
  • occurs mostly with 9-18 months

Changes over time

  • Your actions affect changes
  • Trust is a key factor
  • Develops when predictability is shown
  • They will feel safe and happy

Birth-3 Months

  • Don't have very refined emotions
  • General excitement and distressed are shown
  • Excitement is shown by smiling or wiggling
  • Crying shows distress
  • No tears when crying

3-6 Months

  • Respond with smile and laughter
  • Happy sounds when played with or held
  • Crying still shows distress
  • Start to smile/notice other babies
  • Use different cries for different types of distress
  • Tears begin to appear

6-12 Months

  • Actively involved with caregiver
  • Develop fear
  • Develop attachment
  • Separation Anxiety
  • Continues till 14-16 months

12-24 Months

  • Show anxiety
  • Interested in exploring
  • Still fear the unfamiliar
  • Curious about new places/objects
  • More interest in other children
  • Play next to but not with


  • Passivity-actively involved with surroundings
  • Irritability- tendency to feel distressed
  • Activity Patterns- levels of movement
  • Temperaments may need to be adjusted